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Alexander alliance Allies annexation appeared army Arndt Assembly Auerswald Austria and Prussia Baron vom Stein Battle of Leipzig Bavaria Berlin Breslau Castlereagh cause Coalition Congress Constitution Count Czar declared Dresden Duchy of Warsaw East Prussia Emperor Empire England Estates Europe favour Federation feeling followed France Frankfurt Frederick William French friends frontier Gagern German affairs German Princes give Government hand Hannover Hardenberg honour Humboldt Imperial influence interest Kalisch King of Prussia King of Saxony King's Knesebeck Konigsberg letter Liberation Lord Castlereagh Majesty ment Metternich military Minister Napoleon Nassau nation Nesselrode Niebuhr opinion Paris Parliament party peace perhaps Pertz Poland political position Powers principles Province remarks restoration Revolution Rhenish Confederation Rhine Saxon question Scharnhorst scheme Schon seems Senfft soon sovereign sovereignty Talleyrand territory tion took Treaty Treaty of Paris troops Vienna Wiirtemberg wish writes Yorck
Page 35 - It is certain at any rate that there reigned in the Province a most dangerous confusion. The King for the French, the people for the Russians, some of the officials against both ; and meanwhile the Russian armies already in the Province, and some divisions advanced beyond it to the Weichsel ! In these circumstances then Stein devised and probably draughted the following remarkable document, for which he obtained the signature of the Czar : We Alexander the First by the Grace of God Emperor and Autocrat...
Page 427 - Slowly comes a hungry people, as a lion creeping nigher Glares at one that nods and winks behind a slowly dying fire. But it is not without a struggle that Prussia descends to the lower level. Hardenberg, who never wanted courage, though it seems to have been his principle to make any concession rather than resign his office, was still at the head of affairs, and we find him as late as August i5th writing in quite the old tone to Stein : Why cannot we work together?
Page 335 - Bonaparte; but it would be ridiculous to suppose that the Allies would have been in possession of Paris in a fortnight after one battle fought if the French people in general had not been favourably disposed to the cause which the Allies were supposed to favour.
Page 332 - Prussian projects, we do not know the extent of the views of those Governments, but we are informed that they propose to a certain degree the principle of permanent cessions by France, at least as far as regards the external line of fortresses. We ought not to forget that these Governments have more of common interest with us in the whole of this question than the Government of Russia ; and, though we must all have deeply at heart the consolidation of the legitimate Government in France, we should...
Page 334 - ... he deems the possession of a certain number of French fortresses for an extended period of time in itself preferable to the actual cession of the same places, and for this obvious reason, that the one is compatible with French connection, the other leads to unite all Frenchmen against us, or rather against the Power that shall be found in possession of their spoils; and as the King of the Netherlands would probably be the first to be attacked, we have more reason to weigh well the course to be...
Page 336 - ... respecting France that it. would have been in if Buonaparte had continued in possession of his power. ' It is impossible to surmise what would be the line of conduct of the King and his Government upon the demand of any considerable cession from France upon the present occasion. It is certain, however, that, whether the cession should be agreed to or not by the King, the situation of the Allies would be very embarrassing. ' If the King were to refuse to agree to the cession, and were to throw...
Page 337 - ... eventually apply a remedy to the state of weakness, in relation to France, in which the powers of Europe have been left by the treaty of Paris, but it will completely for a term of years. This term of years, besides the advantage of introducing into France a system and habits of peace, after twenty-five years of war, will enable the powers of Europe to restore their finances : it will give them time and means to reconstruct the great artificial bulwarks of their several countries, to settle their...
Page 396 - ... to be organized where they do not exist. § 3. Out of the Provincial Estates the Assembly of the Representatives of the Country is to be chosen, which shall hold its session at Berlin. § 4. The action of the Representatives of the Country shall extend to deliberation upon all subjects of legislation which concern the personal and proprietary rights of the citizens of the State including taxation. § 5. A Commission shall be appointed without loss of time to sit at Berlin, which shall be composed...
Page 344 - ... line of defence she has taken from them, to Germany, Alsace and the fortifications of the Netherlands, the Meuse, Mosel and Saar. Not till then will France find herself in her true line of defence, with the Vosges, and her double line of fortresses from the Meuse to the sea ; and not till then wUl France remain quiet.
Page 335 - I doubt its being in our power now to make such an alteration in the relations of France with other Powers as will be of material benefit. First, I conceive that our declarations and our treaties, and the accession, though irregular in form, which we allowed Louis XVIII.