For Each, the Strength of All: A History of Banking in the State of New York

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NYU Press, 1995 - Business & Economics - 309 pages
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"Banking establishments," declared Thomas Jefferson back in 1799, "are more dangerous than standing armies."
Such armies are no longer cause for serious alarm. But commercial banking institutions, while justly applauded as the prime architects of America's economic success, are still assailed today - most recently by victims of the savings and loan debacle - as little better than the freakish "hydra-headed monstrosities" of yesteryear.
This lively, well-researched and handsomely produced book highlights the achievements of commercial banks, in the process distinguishing them from their more flamboyant competitors. In many ways the history of commercial banking in the state of New York constitutes the history of commercial banking for the entire nation. Under the guidance of the formidable but shadowy coalition of talent known as "The Albany Regency," New York pioneered such innovations as the insurance of paper currency, so-called "free" chartering of banks by any qualified group of citizens, a crude form of deposit insurance, and an ingenious central clearing house whose collective strength enabled the state, and ultimately the nation, to weather many of the world's most severe financial crises.
Published to coincide with the Centennial of the New York State Bankers Association, For Each, the Strength of All not only delineates the great achievements and the great financial disasters of the last two centuries, but brings to life the colorful and often quirky men who made the key decisions at pivotal moments in the financial life of the nation. It throws new light on the celebrated duel between Hamilton and Burr (a fix that may have gone awry), the covert financing of the North in the Civil War years, and the negotiations (so secret that participants travelled under assumed names) that helped produce the Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
 

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Contents

The Speculators
30
The New Breed
79
The Great Leap Forward
101
The Thousand Dollar Breakfast
118
Why Senator Thats an Inspiration
134
The Shadow War
156
HavanaontheHudson 177
195
The Great Depression 199
294
Bibliography
300
Index
306
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

J. T. W. Hubbard teaches at Syracuse University's Newhouse School of Public Communications.

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