History of the Expedition Under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark, to the Sources of the Missouri, Thence Across the Rocky Mountains and Down the River Columbia to the Pacific Ocean: Performed During the Years 1804-5-6. By Order of the Government of the United States, Volume 2
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abundant animal appearance bark berry bird black alder branch brant brown buffaloe camp canoes captain Clarke captain Lewis Cataract river chief Chinnooks Chopunnish Clarke's Clatsops colour Columbia common cottonwood covered creek deer dians distance ducks eight encamped entrance falls feet fish fort Clatsop four grass half halted hills horses houses hundred hunt hunters inches Indians inhabitants island killed Kooskooskee land last night Lewis's river Mandans Missouri morning mount Hood mouth Multnomah nation natives neighbourhood Northwest company o'clock party passed pine plains prairie proceeded procure quamash quantities rain rapid reached resembling reside returned Ricaras rocks Rocky mountains roots route salmon sandbar sandhill crane seen shore side skins snow soon southwest species tail three miles timber trade trees tribe village visited wappatoo Wappatoo island weather wind yards wide Yellowstone river
Page 135 - The treatment of women is often considered as the standard by which the moral qualities of savages are to be estimated. Our own observation, however, induced us to think that the importance of the female in savage life has no necessary relation to the virtues of the men, but is regulated wholly by their capacity to be useful. The Indians, whose treatment of the females is mildest, and who pay most deference to their opinions, are by no means the most distinguished for their virtues ; nor is this...
Page 22 - It stands east and west, and neither of the extremities are closed. On entering the western end we observed a number of bodies wrapped carefully in leather robes, and arranged in rows on boards, which were then covered with a mat. This was the part destined for those who had...
Page 386 - ... of a light-coloured gritty rock. The soil of the top is five or six feet deep, of a good quality, and covered with short grass. The Indians have carved the figures of animals and other objects on the sides of the rock, and on the top are raised two piles of stones.
Page 278 - The usual outhouse, or retiring hut for females, is not omitted. Their chief subsistence is roots, and the noise made by the women in pounding them gives the hearer the idea of a nail factory. Yet...
Page 57 - After being so long accustomed to the dreary nakedness of the country above. the change is as grateful to the eye, as it is useful in supplying us with fuel. Four miles from the village is a point of land on the right, where the hills become lower, but are still thickly timbered. The river is now about two miles wide, the current smooth and gentle, and the effect of the tide has been sensible since leaving the rapid.
Page 2 - States or in the Rocky mountains. It was a hollow square of six or eight feet deep, formed in the river bank by damming up with mud the other three sides, and covering the whole completely except an aperture about two feet wide at the top. The bathers descend by this hole, taking with them a number of heated stones and jugs of water; and after being seated round the room, throw the water on the stones till the steam becomes of a temperature sufficiently high for their purposes.
Page 163 - Indians prize more highly than horses. An elegant horse may be purchased of the natives for a few beads or other paltry trinkets which in the United States would not cost more than one or two dollars. The abundance and cheapness of horses will be extremely advantageous to those who may hereafter attempt the fur trade to the East Indies, by the way of Columbia river and the Pacific ocean.
Page 509 - The thunder and lightning of the last evening was violent, a singular occurrence for the time of year; the loss of my thermometer I most sincerely regret. I am confident that the climate here, is much warmer than in the same parallel of latitude on the Atlantic ocean, though how many degrees it is now out of my power to determine.