The History of Agriculture in Dane County, Wisconsin

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University of Wisconsin, 1905 - Agriculture - 214 pages
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Page 93 - Pre-emption is a premium in favor of and condition for making permanent settlement and a home. It is a preference for actual tilling and residing upon a piece of land.
Page 93 - The early idea of sales for revenue was abandoned and a plan of disposition for homes was substituted. The preemption system was the result of law, experience, executive orders, departmental rulings, and judicial construction ... it has always contained, and to this day contains, the germ of actual settlement under which thousands of homes have been made and land made productive. . The necessity of protecting actual settlers on the public domain and giving a preference right to those actually desiring...
Page 150 - Gathering renewed force with every new acre planted in the county of Sauk, where it may be said to have originated, and where the crop of 1865 was over half a million of pounds, it spread from neighborhood to neighborhood, and from county to county, until by 1867 it had hopped the whole State over...
Page 93 - The preemption system," says Donaldson,1 "arose from the necessities of settlers, and through a series of more than 57 years of experience in attempts to sell or otherwise dispose of the public lands. The early idea of sales for revenue was abandoned and a plan of disposition for homes was substituted. The preemption system was the result of law, experience, executive orders, departmental rulings, and judicial construction. It has been many-phased, and was applied by special acts to special localities,...
Page 123 - The sickle and cradle in the farmers' hands constituted the reapers. The flail was sometimes used in threshing, but more often oxen or horses were made to tread out the grain as in ancient times. Men even made it a business to go about the country to do threshing with a pair or two of cattle as the sole threshing outfit. The grain was stacked around a circle or open space some thirty or forty feet in diameter. Preferably the stacks were left till the ground froze and then on this open space, scraped...
Page 127 - A little care on the part of the farmer would have served to keep the quality up somewhat, at least for a time. A few seemed to know that ordinary barn-yard manure had a wholesome effect on land that was losing its available plant food, yet it was with rare exceptions that even the small amount of such fertilizer which each farmer had at his disposal was utilized. Handling manure was not fashionable, and no one wished to be thought eccentric. Yards were left till they could no longer be used conveniently...
Page 101 - Nicholas 37 of Baltimore advertised many hundred acres to be sold in this manner at Madison on June 4, 1840, but there seems to be no record that other so as not to interfere in the general settlement, and even then the settlers skin the speculator out of his profits by taxation."—Madison Argus, October 22, 1850.
Page 140 - History of Madison, Dane County, and Surroundings, p. 646. "The value of wheat and corn per ton at different distances from market as affected by cost of transportation, by railroad and over the ordinary roads of the country as given in Industrial Resources of Wisconsin, John Gregory, p.
Page 111 - When I commenced making a farm on the prairie I found myself engaged In a task by no means without Its difficulties and perplexities. Whatever I had learned of farming In the East had to be principally learned over again here — I looked In vain for well tested and enlightened experiments— what waź the best season of the year In which to break prairie ; how deep should It be broken?
Page 133 - ... Appleby's. 7See Transportation, Sec. II of this chapter. for brief periods by Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and so on in turn. Wisconsin had held out well in the struggle, she had used up a considerable share of the fertility of her soil; had worn out a generation or more of hardy farmers ; — she can never be charged with inconstancy, for she held on till the bitter end. During the latter part of the '6o's, wheat crops in Dane county were almost complete failures and by 1870 wheat could no longer...

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