Gender, Manumission, and the Roman Freedwoman
Gender, Manumission, and the Roman Freedwoman examines the distinct problem posed by the manumission of female slaves in ancient Rome. The sexual identities of a female slave and a female citizen were fundamentally incompatible, as the former was principally defined by her sexual availability and the latter by her sexual integrity. Accordingly, those evaluating the manumission process needed to reconcile a woman's experiences as a slave with the expectations and moral rigor required of the female citizen. The figure of the freedwoman - fictionalized and real - provides an extraordinary lens into the matter of how Romans understood, debated, and experienced the sheer magnitude of the transition from slave to citizen, the various social factors that impinged upon this process, and the community stakes in the institution of manumission.
Gender Labor and the Manumission of Female Slaves
The PatronFreedwoman Relationship in Roman Law
The PatronFreedwoman Relationship in Funerary
The Slavish Free Woman and the Citizen Community
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action ancilla argues Augustan behavior believed Buckland citizen community citizenship Claudia commemoration concubinage concubine consent degraded described divine shades epigraphic epitaphs evidence ex-slaves example female citizens female slaves freeborn women freed freedman freedom freedpersons freedwomen funerary Furthermore Gaius Gardner gendered household illicit individuals iniuria iniuriarum inscriptions insult Junian Latins labor lawmakers and jurists legal sources legal status lex Aelia Sentia lex Aquilia lex Iulia lex Scantinia liberta Lucius male patrons male slaves manumission manumitted marriage married McGinn modern scholars monument moral Mouritsen 2011 one’s operae Papia Papinian partners patron-freedwoman relationship possessed praetor prostitutes pudicitia respectable role Roman citizenship Roman elites Roman law Roman lawmakers Roman society Saller sexual affairs sexual conduct sexual integrity significant slave owners slave prostitutes slave sexuality slavery social status indicators stuprum suggests tion Treggiari 1969 tutela Ulpian Veturia vilica wife woman