Phasing Out Lead from Gasoline in Central and Eastern Europe: Health Issues, Feasibility, and Policies, Page 536

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Magda Lovei
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1997 - Medical - 75 pages
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World Bank Technical Paper No. 362. A radical new strategy for dealing with the problems of energy and the environment in the Sahel is being implemented in Niger. Rather than have urban wood traders go into the countryside to cut the wood and truck it back to the cities, the government is giving village communities control over their natural woodlands in return for a commitment to manage the woodlands and the production of fuelwood sustainability. This paper details the rationale, history, and prospects of this innovative energy strategy. It describes local physical and socioeconomic conditions, with particular attention to the tiger bush that forms much of Niger's natural woodland. If the strategy can be expanded, it will have potential for replication over much of the Sahel and other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Page 29 - GUILLEMIN M. - Time trend and determinants of blood lead levels in a Swiss population over a transition period ( 19841993) from leaded to unleaded gasoline use.
Page 27 - Strategic Plan for the Elimination of Childhood Lead Poisoning, Centers for Disease Control, Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Feb.
Page 46 - Uptake of heavy metals by crops in relation to their concentration in the soil solution.
Page 29 - Europe, report for the Environmental Action Programme for Central and Eastern Europe, World Bank (Washington, DC, 1995).
Page ix - Market reforms are frequently blamed for increased corruption in the formerly communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the former Soviet Union (FSU).
Page 11 - This is important because, unfortunately, these lead scavengers, most notably ethylene dibromide, have been found to be carcinogenic in animals and have been identified as potential human carcinogens by the National Cancer Institute.15 Therefore, their removal along with the removal of lead may result in significant benefits to health.
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Page 27 - Environment and Health in Central and Eastern Europe". A Report for the Environmental Action Programme for Central and Eastern Europe.
Page 9 - Level (g/l) relatively complex, comprising crude distillation, treating, upgrading (at least catalytic reforming and usually other processes as well), conversion (at least one conversion process and often more than one), and blending.
Page 9 - Increasing the octane of the reformate by increasing reformer severity (within the limits of sustainable operations). In some instances, achieving the necessary increase in reformer severity will call for revamping and modernizing the reformer. • Increasing...

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