Italian Industrialists from Liberalism to Fascism: The Political Development of the Industrial Bourgeoisie, 1906-34

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 30, 2002 - History - 480 pages
In tracing the development of industrial associations in Italy from 1906 to 1934, this study challenges traditional interpretations of the rise of fascism. Unlike other studies which begin with the post-World War I crisis, Professor Adler examines the earlier relationship between industrialists and Italian liberalism, and then situates industrialists within the post-war crisis of liberalism and the transition to fascism. Industrialists are viewed as problematic but loyal members of the old liberal order who first were sceptical of fascism, and then, with the collapse of any liberal alternative, worked with other traditional elites to preserve elements of the liberal state within the emerging framework of the new fascist regime. Unlike strictly narrative accounts, Adler's study is theoretically informed by current interests in assessing interpretations of fascism, relating corporatism to crisis tendencies in liberalism, and applying hermeneutics to historical analysis.
 

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Contents

Associational development during the Giolitti era
30
The Industrial League of Turin
34
Toward a productivist liberaltechnocratic ideology
55
Industrial relations and the state
61
Political activity
71
The First World War a precorporatist experience
89
an authoritarian precedent
92
The industrial mobilization
101
The occupation of the factories
122
The red wave ends
138
Industrialists and the political crisis
148
Industrialists and Fascists
164
LiberalFascism
184
Industrialists and liberalFascism
303
Confindustria and the Fascist syndicates
310
The Matteotti crisis and the collapse of liberalFascism
329

Warinspired productivism
119
Productivist programs and the industrialists
135
Precorporatism and lessons learned from the war
149
The postwar crisis and the rise of Fascism
160
The economic crisis
162
The social crisis
166
The political crisis
173
The rise of Fascism
180
Industrialists and the rise of Fascism
192
Initial postwar orientations
195
Industrialists and nonintegral corporatism
344
From liberalFascism to nonintegral corporatism
347
Nonintegral corporatism
357
the year of transition
369
Working from within
387
Confindustria and the Great Depression
418
Conclusion
437
Index
455
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Page ix - Ricoeur, Lectures on Ideology and Utopia (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986), p.
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