Livestock and Deforestation in Central America in the 1980s and 1990s: A Policy Perspective
Forests, cattle, pastures and crops; The different "logics" of livestock production. The role of market forces in the cattle-forest relationship. Government subsidies for livestock and public road construction. The role of Government Land Policies and Land Markets. Technological change and environmental degradation. The role of forestry policy. Political instability and violence. Conclusions and policy recommendations.
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agrarian reform agricultural frontier areas AHT-APESA Alajuela Alta Verapaz Banco de Guatemala beef exports Biondi-Morra 1990 Boaco cattle cattle population cattle production cattle raising cattle ranching cent Central America Central American beef clear colonisation conversion of forest Costa Rica costs countries Darien decline deforestation deforestation rates Edelman environmental excluding El Salvador farms forest clearance forest to pasture forested areas forestry Guanacaste Heckadon hectares Herlihy Holman Honduras IICA Implications for Policy important incentives incomes increase investment ranchers Jarquin Kaimowitz labour land clearance land prices land speculation large ranchers Ledec livestock credit livestock production loans major Maldidier 1993 Managua meat Merlet military conflict milk production million hectares Nicaragua Nueva Guinea Olancho Panama pasture area pasture degradation pasture expansion Petén profitable protected areas purchase recent reduce region Rio San Juan secondary forest secondary forest regeneration SECPLAN sector small farmers soil subsidised credit timber tion Tropical Washington D.C. World Bank
Page 86 - Thrupp, LA 1980. Deforestation, Agricultural Development, and Cattle Expansion in Costa Rica, An Integrated Approach to Problems of LandUse Transformation. BA Thesis, Latin American Studies, Stanford University. Toledo,