The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian Movement, 1684-1706
This book tells the story of the Christian religious movement led by Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita in the Kingdom of Kongo from 1704 until her death, by burning at the stake, in 1706. Beatriz, a young woman, claimed to be possessed by St Anthony, argued that Jesus was a Kongolese, and criticized Italian Capuchin missionaries in her country for not supporting black saints. The movement was largely a peace movement, with a following among the common people, attempting to stop the devastating cycle of civil wars between contenders for the Kongolese throne. Thornton supplies background information on the Kingdom, the development of Catholicism in Kongo since 1491, the nature and role of local warfare in the Atlantic slave trade, and contemporary everyday life, as well as sketching the lives of some local personalities.
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Afonso African Angola Antonian movement Antonio army baptized Barro began Bula Caltanisetta capital Capuchins Castro Catholic century Christian Church claim Congo Cruz Barbosa Cuvelier d'Atri decided Dona Beatriz Evululu Father Bernardo Father Lorenzo Father Luca Father Marcellino followers Gallo Garcia Giornate golese Holy hospice Joao's kanda Kibangu Kibenga Kikongo Kimpanzu Kimpasi society kindoki King Alvaro King of Kongo King Pedro king's Kingdom of Kongo Kinlaza Kongolese Lemba Little Anthonys Luanda Lucca Luvota Mafuta Manuel Marquis Mbamba Mbanza Mbata Mbidizi valley Miguel mission missionaries Mvemba ndokis nganga nkisi Nkondo Nkusu nobles Nobrega Nseto Nsundi palace peace Pedro IV Pedro Kibenga Pedro Valle political Portuguese possessed prayer preaching Prince of Soyo province Queen Ana religious restoration rival River royal rulers Saint Anthony Saint James Salve Antoniana Sao Salvador sent slaves Soyo Soyo's spiritual stone told took Valle das Lagrimas villages Vocabularium wanted World Zaire Zaire River