Courts, Law, and Politics in Comparative Perspective
This comprehensive book compares the intersection of political forces and legal practices in five industrial nations--the United States, England, France, Germany, and Japan. The authors, eminent political scientists and legal scholars, investigate how constitutional courts function in each country, how the adjudication of criminal justice and the processing of civil disputes connect legal systems to politics, and how both ordinary citizens and large corporations use the courts.For each of the five countries, the authors discuss the structure of courts and access to them, the manner in which politics and law are differentiated or amalgamated, whether judicial posts are political prizes or bureaucratic positions, the ways in which courts are perceived as legitimate forms for addressing political conflicts, the degree of legal consciousness among citizens, the kinds of work lawyers do, and the manner in which law and courts are used as social control mechanisms. The authors find that although the extent to which courts participate in policymaking varies dramatically from country to country, judicial responsiveness to perceived public problems is not a uniquely American phenomenon.
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Courts and Politics in the United States
Courts Justice and Politics in England
Courts in the Political Process in France
Changes in Political Regimes
Courts and Law in Japan
action agencies American appellate courts attorneys barristers bench Britain British citizens civil law claims clients Comparative constitutional court Council countries Court of Appeal crime criminal justice system Crown Court damages decisions defendants disputes England English European Court example federal formal France French governmental handle Hazel Genn hear High Court House of Lords Human Rights Ibid individual industry institutions involving issues Japan Japanese judges judicial review judiciary jurisdiction jury labor lawyers legal aid legal profession legal system legislation litigation London Lord Chancellor Lord Chancellor's Department magistrates Ministry MITI negotiations offenses organization Parliament parties percent personal plight plaintiffs police policymaking pollution practice prison problems procedures professional prosecution prosecutors relationship reported responsibility role rules sentence social Society solicitors statutes structure supra note supra note 14 Supreme Court tion tradition trial U.S. Supreme Court United University Press victims West Germany
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