Children and Childhood in Roman Italy
Concepts of childhood and the treatment of children are often used as a barometer of society's humanity, values, and priorities. Children and Childhood in Roman Italy argues that in Roman society children were, in principle and often in practice, welcome, valued and visible. There is no evidence directly from children themselves, but we can reconstruct attitudes to them, and their own experiences, from a wide variety of material - art and architecture, artefacts, funerary dedications, Roman law, literature, and public and private ritual. There are distinctively Roman aspects to the treatment of children and to children's experiences. Education at many levels was important. The commemoration of children who died young has no parallel, in earlier or later societies, before the twentieth century. This study builds on the dynamic work on the Roman family that has been developing in recent decades. Its focus on the period between the first century BCE and the early third century CE provides a context for new work being done on early Christian societies, especially in Rome.
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adult Aemilius Agrippina the Elder altar associated Atticus Augustus birth boys Caesar career celebrated century bce ceremony Chapter chil child Cicero citizens Claudius coinage coins commemorated Commodus cultural daughter death dedicated died discussion Domitian Drusus early emperor epitaph equestrian especially evidence examples father female festivals Forum freeborn funeral funerary Gaius Germanicus girls Greek honour household infant inscriptions intellectual Julius Caesar K. R. Bradley late Republic later Latin Letters male Marcus Aurelius marriage monuments mother Nero nurse orator paedagogus parents Pliny the Elder Pliny the Younger Pompey probably Quintilian Rawson relationships representations of children represented rhetoric ritual role Roman society Rome Sailer sarcophagi scenes second century Secular Games Seneca slave social sons Soranus status Suetonius symbolism Tacitus teachers temple Tiberius tion triumph triumphal uerna Ulpian Valerius Maximus Vespasian wet-nurses wife women young Younger