Xylem Structure and the Ascent of Sap
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 10, 2002 - Nature - 283 pages
The first edition of this book was the first to provide an integrated description of sap ascension from an anatomical and functional point of view. The second edition opens with the three-dimensional aspects of wood anatomy. The cohesion-tension theory and new evidence are introduced in response to recent controversies over the mechanism of sap ascent in plants. The physiology, anatomy and biophysics of xylem dysfunction are discussed and new insights into hydraulic architecture are reviewed with special emphasis on physiological limits on maximum transpiration and how hydraulic architecture limits gas exchange, carbon gain and growth of plants. The text concludes with a description of xylem failure and pathology. The book highlights fascinating areas of current research with the aim to stimulate more work in the future.
What people are saying - Write a review
Other editions - View all
Acer Acer saccharum air bubbles air seeding apoplast atmospheric axial bundle bordered pits branches capillary cavitation cell walls Chap cohesion-tension theory coniferous conifers dicotyledonous distal embolism endodermis evaporative flux exudation fibers flow rate freezing function growth ring heartwood hydraulic architecture hydraulic conductance increase intervessel pit leaf leaf area leaves length liquid living cells lumen maple measured mechanism meniscus metaxylem vessels negative pressure osmotic palm parenchyma perfused petioles phloem pit membranes plant pores pressure bomb pressure gradients protoxylem Quercus radial refilling resistance ring-porous root pressure sapwood seal shoot shown in Fig soil solution species Sperry stem segments stomatal storage sucrose surface area temperature tension tion tissue tracheary tracheids transpiration transport trees trunk tyloses Tyree uptake values velocities versus vessel diameter vessel ends vessel-length distribution volume vulnerability curves water flow water movement water potential wetwood wood xylem pressure Zimmermann