Web Engineering: Managing Diversity and Complexity of Web Application Development, Issue 2016

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 26, 2001 - Business & Economics - 355 pages
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technologycoulddo,oure?ortsincomputerizingpayrollandaccountingapp- cationsinrealityseemedpunyanddisappointing. TheWeb,ontheotherhand, didnotseemshackled,inawaythatearlycomputingwas,tothesebure- craticandunimaginativewaysofconductinghumanandorganizationala?airs. Itseemedthattheorganizational,spatial,andphysicalconstraintswereabout toloosen,ifnotdisappear,altogether. Andyet,whenwelookedaroundatthewayWebsitesandapplicationswere beingdeveloped,itseemedtousthattheearlypatternofhaphazarddev- opment,minimaltesting,andlackofattentiontothemaintenanceissuesthat characterisedthe'softwarecrisis'werestillverymuchwithus. Itwasasthough the'newgeneration'insistedonmakingthesamemistakesasitsparents! ThisfeelingofdŽej`avuledustoquestionthenatureofWeb-basedandW- relatedactivities. Ofcourse,wewerenotalone,aswesoondiscovered. The resultiswhatisbeingcalledWebEngineeringwhichhadits?rstintroduction inaworkshopattheSeventhWorldWideWeb(WWW7)conferenceinBrisbane in1998. IthasnowbecomeaserieswithmoreworkshopsatWWW8(Toronto, VI Preface 1999)andWWW9(Amsterdam,2000),andalsoattheInternationalConference onSoftwareEngineering(ICSE99)in1999inLosAngelesandICSE2000in Limerick,Ireland. AnotherworkshopisscheduledforWWW10inHongKong inMay2001. Themainpurposebehindtheseworkshopshasbeentoshareandpoolthe collectiveexperienceofpeople,bothacademicsandpractitioners,whoare- tivelyworkingonWeb-basedsystems. Theworkshopshavegenerallyconsisted ofkeynoteaddresses,peer-reviewedcontributedpapers,andsessionsofopen discussions. About This Book Inthisvolume,weprovideaconsolidatedviewofrecentwork,highlightingdev- opmentsandadvancesintheareaofWebEngineering. Thisselectionofpapers drawsmainlyfromthelastthreeworkshops,heldinconjunctionwithICSE1999, WWW9,andICSE2000. Wealsopresentalistofadditional,usefulresourceson WebEngineeringsuchasbooks,specialissues,articles,andWebsites. Ouraim istoprovideabookthatwillbeaconvenientandusefulreferencetoallthe researchers,practitioners,andstudentsinterestedinWebapplicationdevel- ment. WebEngineeringtakesitsinspirationfromSoftwareEngineering. Atthe sametime,itisalsoanexplicitacknowledgementofthemulti-dimensionalnature ofWebapplications,encompassingtechnicalcomputing,informationstruct- ing,navigationandmanagement,networkperformanceandsecurity,legaland socialissues,graphicdesign,multiplicityofuserpro?les,andthevariedope- tionalenvironments. Accordingly,thepapersinthisvolumecoverperspectives onWebEngineering,navigationandadaptivity,designaspects,acceptancec- teriaforWeb-basedsystems,developmentandmanagementofWebsitesand Web-basedapplications,Webmetrics,andcasestudies. Forconvenience,thepapersareorganizedin?vesections:1)Introduction andPerspectives,2)ManagingInformationontheWeb,3)Web-BasedSystems Development,4)DesignforPerformance,WebMetrics,andTesting,and5) WebMaintenanceandReuse. Intheirownways,allthepapersareforwa- looking,tryingtoanticipateproblems,creatingtools,experimentinginnovel ways,wideningtheareasofapplications,andre-examiningparadigms. Inother words,thepapersrepresentasharedattitudeofbeinginclusiveratherthan focusingnarrowly. WebEngineeringisaforwardlookingandcollaborativediscipline. The- persinthiscompendium,takenindividually,representonlythetipoftheiceberg ofworldwideWebdevelopment. Together,theymakeasigni?cantcontribution totheevolutionofamoresystematicapproachtoWebdevelopment. Thec- pendiumhasbeenmadepossiblebythemanypeoplewhosharetheseviews. We hopethereaderswilljoinusintheseendeavors. January2001 SanMurugesan YogeshDeshpande Table of Contents WebEngineering:IntroductionandPerspectives WebEngineering:IntroductionandPerspectives–Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 WebEngineering:ANewDisciplineforDevelopment ofWeb-BasedSystems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 SanMurugesan,YogeshDeshpande,SteveHansenandAthulaGinige WebEngineering:BeyondCS,ISandSEEvolutionary andNon-engineeringPerspectives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
 

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Contents

Introduction and Perspectives 1 Overview
1
A New Discipline for Development of WebBased Systems
3
Beyond CS IS and SE Evolutionary and Nonengineering Perspectives
14
Web Engineering in Action
24
Process and Methodology 1 Overview
33
From Process Infancy to Maturity A Case Study
36
Applying CrossFunctional Evolutionary Methodologies to Web Development
48
Development and Evolution of WebApplications Using the WebComposition Process Model
58
Synthesis of Web Sites from High Level Descriptions
190
MetaXML Specification
204
Engineering of Two WebEnabled Commercial Software Services
213
A Skills Hierarchy for WebBased Systems Development
223
A Case Study of a WebBased Timetabling System
236
Performance Testing and Web Metrics
245
Engineering Highly Accessed Web Sites for Performance
247
Specifying Quality Characteristics and Attributes for Websites
266

Engineering the Web for Multimedia
77
Modelling Security Policies in Hypermedia and Web Based Applications
90
WebBased Information Systems Development A User Centered Engineering Approach
105
An Integral Approach to eBusiness Engineering
119
1 Overview
133
Layout Content and Logic Separation in Web Engineering
135
Restraining Content Explosion vs Constraining Content Growth
148
Tailoring Content and Navigational Systems of Advanced Web Applications
156
The Developers View and a Practitioners Approach
170
1 Overview
188
A Framework for Defining Acceptance Criteria for Web Development Projects
279
Measurement and Effort Prediction for Web Applications
295
Web Navigability Testing with Remote Agents
311
1 Overview
324
Improving WebSite Maintenance with TANGOW by Making Page Structure and Contents Independent
325
An Approach to Improve Reuse in Web Applications
335
Web Engineering Resources
353
Author Index
357
Copyright

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