Biblical Bethsaida: A Study of the First Century CE in the Galilee
In his illuminating, well-researched book examining the site of Et-Tell, also known as Bethsaida, Carl E. Savage explores archaeological evidence to offer readers a portrait of the religious beliefs and practices of the community living near the north shore of the Sea of Galilee during the first century CE. In the study of the cultural and social matrix of the first century in the Galilee, scholars have commonly prioritized written sources over archaeological evidence because written sources seem to contribute more directly to an understanding of the religious beliefs and practices of a community. However, there exist many competing views of the landscape during that time due to the varying interpretations of the textual sources. Using archaeological data from Bethsaida itself, Savage investigates the material practices of Bethsaida's ancient inhabitants, describing these practices as significant indicators of their sense of place both ideologically and geographically. He evaluates the historical plausibility of various social reconstructions for the region, and finds that the image that emerges of first-century Bethsaida is one similar to those of other Jewish communities in the Galilee.
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Chapter 02 Bethsaida in the Galilees
Chapter 03 The States of the Land and Its Inhabitants
Chapter 04 Supporting Evidence for First Century CE Bethsaida
Chapter 05 Conclusion
The Temple of Bethsaida
Identifying EtTell with Bethsaida
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Adan-Bayewitz Amphora Anafa Ancient Arav archaeological archaeological evidence architectural Area A Locus Ariel artifacts Assyrian conquest Aviam Basket Beth Bethsaida Excavations Project Bethsaida Staff Biblical bowl Byzantine Periods Carol Merrill Cave of Letters ceramic Chancey Christianity cities coins construction context database Early Roman Periods esus Et-Tell ethnic Excavations and Surveys Figure ﬁrst century First-Century Galilee Galilean Galilee region Gamla Hadash Handle shard Hasmonean Hellenism Hellenistic period Herodian Herodium History indicate inﬂuence Iron Age Israel Jerusalem jesus jewish judaism Kefar later limestone vessels Lower Galilee Maccabees Magen material culture Meiron Meyers notes occupation orientation pagan Palestine Persian period Phoenician Photograph pottery presence Ptolemy Qedem 13 Rami Arav reconstructions record reﬂected Roman Galilee saida scholars Sean Freyne second century Second Temple Seleucid Sepphoris settlement significant social Source stamped handles Stone Vessel Stratum Sussita synagogue tion understanding University Press Upper Galilee urban urban-rural ware