Critical Terms for the Study of Buddhism
Donald S. Lopez Jr.
University of Chicago Press, Nov 15, 2009 - Religion - 344 pages
Over the past century, Buddhism has come to be seen as a world religion, exceeding Christianity in longevity and, according to many, philosophical wisdom. Buddhism has also increasingly been described as strongly ethical, devoted to nonviolence, and dedicated to bringing an end to human suffering. And because it places such a strong emphasis on rational analysis, Buddhism is considered more compatible with science than the other great religions. As such, Buddhism has been embraced in the West, both as an alternative religion and as an alternative to religion.
This volume provides a unique introduction to Buddhism by examining categories essential for a nuanced understanding of its traditions. Each of the fifteen essays here shows students how a fundamental term—from art to word—illuminates the practice of Buddhism, both in traditional Buddhist societies and in the realms of modernity. Apart from Buddha, the list of terms in this collection deliberately includes none that are intrinsic to the religion. Instead, the contributors explore terms that are important for many fields and that invite interdisciplinary reflection. Through incisive discussions of topics ranging from practice, power, and pedagogy to ritual, history, sex, and death, the authors offer new directions for the understanding of Buddhism, taking constructive and sometimes polemical positions in an effort both to demonstrate the shortcomings of assumptions about the religion and the potential power of revisionary approaches.
Following the tradition of Critical Terms for Religious Studies, this volume is not only an invaluable resource for the classroom but one that belongs on the short list of essential books for anyone seriously interested in Buddhism and Asian religions.
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abbot Aggańńa Sutta arhats Asia Asian bodhisattva body Buddha Buddhaghosa Buddhist art Buddhist studies Buddhist texts Buddhist tradition century Chan painting Chicago China Chinese cultural daŻna death deﬁned deﬁnition dharma dhist difﬁcult discourse doctrine dying economic ekayaŻna enlightenment essay example ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁngers ﬁrst ﬁve Hawai‘i Press Honolulu human ibid icons Indian inﬂuence institutions Japan Japanese karmic king language living Lopez Jr MahaŻyaŻna Maitreya master Mauss means Medieval meditation merit modern monasteries monastic monks nirvaŻn.a notion one’s PaŻli PaŻraŻjika Pedagogy person practitioner Princeton University Press pure gift pure land reciprocity reﬂect religion religious rites ritual san˙gha Sanskrit scholars scriptures sense sexual Sharf signiﬁcance social Society soteriological speciﬁc spiritual story Study of Buddhism Tambiah tantric tantric sex tathaŻgatas teachings term theory TheravaŻda things Tibet Tibetan Tibetan Buddhism tion trans translation truth University of Hawai‘i Vajrasattva vinaya Western words