Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation in Arid China
D.B. Madsen, F. Chen, X. Gao
Elsevier, Sep 22, 2011 - Science - 244 pages
Due to political pressures, prior to the 1990s little was known about the nature of human foraging adaptations in the deserts, grasslands, and mountains of north western China during the last glacial period. Even less was known about the transition to agriculture that followed. Now open to foreign visitation, there is now an increasing understanding of the foraging strategies which led both to the development of millet agriculture and to the utilization of the extreme environments of the Tibetan Plateau. This text explores the transition from the foraging societies of the Late Paleolithic to the emergence of settled farming societies and the emergent pastoralism of the middle Neolithic striving to help answer the diverse and numerous questions of this critical transitional period.
* Examines the transition from foraging societies of the Late Paleolithic to the emergence of settled farming societies and the emergent pastoralism of the middle Neolithic
* Explores explanatory models for the links between climate change and cultural change that may have influenced the development of millet agriculture
* Reviews the relationship between climate change and population expansions and contraditions during the late Quaternary
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14Cyr BP adaptive agriculture Aldenderfer animals Archaeology archeological arid China Basin Beijing Bettinger bones Brantingham Cal yr BP cattle charcoal Chen Chenopodiaceae climate change cultural cycles Dadiwan deer desert domesticated Early Holocene East Elston environment environmental change evidence evolution excavations faunal foragers fuel Gansu groups Herzschuh Hexi Corridor high-elevation Huang human hunter-gatherers IA-CASS Inner Mongolia Kaogu Kaogu Yanjiusuo lake status last glacial Last Glacial Maximum Late Holocene Late Pleistocene lithic Loess Plateau low-elevation Madsen margins microblade millet models Neolithic north China northeast Asia northern occupation pastoralism period pollen pollen concentration pollen records populations Qijia Qinghai Lake Quaternary Science radiocarbon dates region Research sheep Shuidonggou steppe suggest summer monsoon taxa Tengger Tengger Desert Tibet Tibetan Plateau tion Upper Paleolithic vegetation Wang Wenwu western wild yak Wušnnemann Xidatan Xinjiang yak dung yizhi Younger Dryas Yuan Zhang Zhou