Rapid City: Historic Downtown Architecture
Arcadia Publishing, 2007 - History - 127 pages
With the opening of the Black Hills region of South Dakota due to the discovery of gold in 1874, the business-savvy founders of Rapid City, in 1876, saw the potential of this area as a focus for urban development. It was nestled within the beauty of the Black Hills, rich in natural resources, adjacent to a viable water source and in line with major trade routes. Thus, a thriving commercial district evolved, the architecture of which reflects the distinctive periods of a community's growth from a frontier "hay camp" town to a regional metropolitan center. The built environment of Rapid City embodies and exemplifies the skill of local craftsman in interpreting the prevailing stylistic trends, the utilization of local materials, and other cultural influences. All of these elements provide Rapid City with an identifiable character and sense of place that is, clearly and uniquely, South Dakota.
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accommodated Alex Johnson architect art deco bays containing bell tower Black Hills block bracketed cornice brick and concrete brick building brick pilasters built central bay church City's classical columns commercial building Company constructed corner cornice crenellated cross-gable decorative bracketed decorative cornice dentil depot display windows double-hung windows downtown eclectic edifice elaborate entry entryway false-front finials flat roof floor gable ends Gothic Revival H. E. Waldron hall Harney Hotel hip roof historic Joseph Street lancet windows located Lutheran main entrance main facade Main Street masonry mid-belt modern multi-light ornamentation ornate parapet roofline pedimented Pennington County pilasters prairie style primary facade prismatic glass transoms projecting Railroad Rapid City recessed rectangular Revival style Roman-arched Romanesque Revival sandstone second story Seventh Street South Dakota stone street level structure tall three-story town transoms tripartite windows two-story upper level utilitarian utilitarian-style utilized vernacular expression Victorian walls window hoods wood wooden