Linguistic typology: morphology and syntax
Language typology is the study of the structural similarities between languages regardless of their history, to establish a classification or typology of languages. It is a core topic of historical linguistics and is studied on all traditional linguistics degree courses. In recent years there has been increased interest the subject and it is an area we have been looking to commission a book in. Jae Jung Song proposes to introduce the undergraduate reader to the subject, with discussion of topics which include - what is language typology and why is it studied; word order; language sampling; relative clauses; diachronic typology; and applications of language typology. There will also be discussion of the most prominent areas of research in the subject and readers will be able to review data selected from a wide range of languages to see how languages work and how differently they behave.
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Introducing linguistic typology
Basic word order
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active-stative adpositions affixes animacy basic verb basic word order causation causative constructions causative type caused event causee NP cent clausal co-occurrence constituents correlation cross-linguistic dependent marking direct object direct object NP discussion Dixon Dryer Dyirbal EIC ratio ergative ergative-absolutive ergative-absolutive system example fact frequency function genetic grammatical relations Greenberg's Hawkins Hawkins's head marking head noun holistic typology human language implicational universal instance intransitive Keenan and Comrie Kinyarwanda language sampling language universals lexical linguistic areas linguistic typology main clause Mallinson and Blake marker marking system Nichols nominative-accusative non-phrasal NRel NRel order order type OV languages position postpositions predictions prefix prenominal prepositions proto-language referred relative clause relativization relativization strategies RelN restricting clause semantic sentence split-ergative structural suffix syntactic tion Tomlin transitive clause transitive verbs typologists V-final languages V-initial languages Vennemann W.P. Lehmann whereas word order properties word order type word order typology