Recent Social Trends in Bulgaria, 1960-1995
The introduction, by Nikolai Genov, looks at the challenges posed by two transformations: the experiment with communism, which ended in failure, and the current transition to a market economy and pluralist politics. Genov concludes that the major reason for Bulgaria's critical situation is the powerlessness of its state institutions. Considering life-style, fertility, leisure and consumption, inequality, religion, economic institutions, ethnicity, norms of conduct, and family, as well as other trends, Recent Social Trends in Bulgaria, 1960B1995 is the first comprehensive presentation of the major transformations that characterize Bulgaria at the turn of the century. The contributors not only consider a broad range of social phenomena but provide an in-depth analysis of social change. This national profile provides more data supporting the hypothesis of diversification, rather than convergence, in modern societies, a hypothesis proposed by the Comparative Charting of Social Change group after documenting social change in many countries.
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1 Age Groups
4 Labour Market
5 Labour and Management
6 Social Stratification
9 Mobilizing Institutions
10 Institutionalization of Social Forces
11 Ideologies and Beliefs
12 Household Resources
15 Educational Attainment
16 Integration and Marginalization
7 Social Relations
8 State and Service Institutions
17 Attitudes and Values
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activities agriculture associated average Budgets Bulgarian Central changes comparatively considerable consumption crime cultural decline decrease democratic dropped economic elections employed employment enterprises established ethnic Europe factor female force forms Genov groups higher households housing Human important income increased indicator individual industrial Institute in Bulgarian interests labour living major National Statistical Institute Office organizations party past period persons political population problems production Public Opinion REFERENCES reforms regional relations relatively religious remained Report Republic of Bulgaria respect result rise role schools Sciences secondary sector share shows social socialist society Sofia Source Statistical Yearbook structure substantial survey Table tion towns trade traditional transition trend Union urban values villages women workers young
Page 12 - ... limits on individual initiative and responsibility. The beginning of the nineties brought about a new wave of rapid individualization in the region. The establishment of half a million private firms in Bulgaria is an impressive illustration of the scale of the process.