The Third Wave of Modernization in Latin America: Cultural Perspectives on Neoliberalism

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Rowman & Littlefield, 1998 - Business & Economics - 200 pages
The term modernization has been used extensively in Latin America since the post-World War II period to describe the promotion of Western world views and consumption patterns. The term is being used in the 1990s in conjunction with the neoliberal pressure placed upon the region to develop modern states and markets to be integrated into the world economy. This text offers an anthropological perspective on Latin America's most recent phase of modernization and its costs to social relations and traditional ways of life. Because people's lives are placed at center stage, a human dimension is brought to the study of the modernization process.

Written in accessible language, The Third Wave of Modernization in Latin America analyzes a wide variety of themes, from rural and urban poverty to environmental and cultural identity issues. Each chapter, written exclusively for this volume, focuses on a particular country. Included are case studies of organizations that have been influenced by current neoliberal policies; critical perspectives on restructuring, free trade, and modernization; an overview of Latin America's recent past to explain why neoliberalism has become a predominant policy in the region; and analyses of the environment, women's issues, and native communities in the context of modernization. The book is divided into the following sections.

 

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Contents

The Third Wave of Modernization Liberalism Salinismo and Indigenous Peasants in Mexico
3
Economic Development and the Origins of the Bolivian Cocaine Industry
29
The Localization of the Global Contemporary Production Practices in a Mayan Community in Guatemala
51
Transforming Urban Enterprises
63
Survival Politics and the Movements of Market Women in Peru in the Age of Neoliberalism
65
Financing SmallScale Enterprises in Bolivia
83
From Cooperatives to Microenterprises The Neoliberal Turn in Postrevolutionary Nicaragua
109
Restructuring Society and Nature
123
Neoliberalism and Public Education The Relevance of the Bolivian Teachers Strike of 1995
125
Vital Signs The Dynamics of Folk Medicine in Northwestern Argentina
141
EcoImperialism? Environmental Policy versus Everyday Practice in Mexico
155
Neoliberal Recipes Environmental Cooks The Transformation of Amazonian Agency
175
Anthropology in the Age of Neoliberalism
193
About the Contributors
199
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