The Occupational Ergonomics Handbook

Front Cover
Waldemar Karwowski, William S. Marras
CRC Press, Dec 18, 1998 - Technology & Engineering - 2088 pages
Occupational ergonomics and safety studies the application of human behavior, abilities, limitations, and other characteristics to the design, testing, and evaluation of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for productive, safe, comfortable, and effective use.
Occupational Ergonomics Handbook provides current, comprehensive knowledge in this broad field, providing essential, state-of-the-art information from nearly 150 international leaders of this discipline. The text assesses the knowledge and expertise applied to industrial environments:
  • Providing engineering guidelines for redesigning tools, machines, and work layouts
  • Evaluating the demands placed on workers by current jobs
  • Simulating alternative work methods
  • Determining the potential for reducing physical job demands based on the implementation of new methods
    Topics also include:
  • Fundamental ergonomic design principles at work
  • Work-related musculoskeletal injuries, such as cumulative trauma to the upper extremity (CTDs) and low back disorders (LBDs), which affect several million workers each year with total costs exceeding $100 billion annually
  • Current knowledge used for minimizing human suffering, potential for occupational disability, and related worker's compensation costs
  • Working conditions under which musculoskeletal injuries might occur
  • Engineering design measures for eliminating or reducing known job-risk factors
  • Optimal manufacturing processes regarding human perceptual and cognitive abilities as well as task reliability
  • Identifying the worker population affected by adverse conditions
  • Early medical and work intervention efforts
  • Economics of an ergonomics maintenance program
  • Ergonomics as an essential cost to doing business
    Ergonomics intervention includes design for manufacturability, total quality management, and work organization. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook demonstrates how ergonomics serves as a vital component for the activities of the company and enables an advantageous cooperation between management and labor.
    This new handbook serves a broad segment of industrial practitioners, including industrial and manufacturing engineers; managers; plant supervisors and ergonomics professionals; researchers and students from academia, business, and government; human factors and safety specialists; physical therapists; cognitive and work psychologists; sociologists; and human-computer communications specialists.
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    Contents

    The Ergonomics of System Design David Meister
    3
    Christopher Schlick and Johannes Springer
    27
    A Guide to Certification in Professional Ergonomics Dieter W Jahns
    51
    Issues
    54
    Effective Use of the World Wide Web Peter M Budnick
    59
    Professional Ergonomics Issues Dieter W Jahns
    67
    Programs in Post Injury Management Tarek M Khalil Elsayed
    69
    Development of Ergonomics Programs David C Alexander and Gary B Orr
    79
    Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation Thomas R Waters and Vern
    1037
    A PopulationBased Load Threshold Limit LTL for Manual Lifting
    1063
    Occupational Low Back Disorder Risk Assessment Using the Lumbar
    1075
    Psychophysical Basis
    1101
    The Relative Importance of Biomechanical and Psychosocial Factors
    1127
    FallRelated Occupational Injuries Stephen N Robinovitch
    1139
    ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS
    1187
    Fundamentals of Surveillance for WorkRelated
    1201

    FOUNDATION OF ERGONOMICS KNOWLEDGE SECTION I Fundamentals of Ergonomics
    95
    Design of Information Devices and Controls Toni Ivergard
    97
    Engineering Anthropometry Karl H E Kroemer
    139
    Occupational Biomechanics William S Marras
    167
    Human Strength Evaluation Karl H E Kroemer
    205
    Methods Based on Maximum Holding Time for Evaluation of Working Postures Marjolein Douwes Mathilde C Miedema and J Dul
    235
    Low Level Static Exertions Gisela Sjøgaard and Bente Rona Jensen
    247
    Job Demands and Physical Fitness Veikko Louhevaara
    261
    Psychosocial Work Factors Pascale Carayon and SooYee Lim
    275
    Cognitive Factors Philip J Smith
    285
    Task Analysis Anand Gramopadhye and Jatin Thaker
    297
    A ComputerBased Tool for Practical Ergonomic Job Analysis
    331
    Job or Task Analysis for Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Disorders
    345
    Job Design and Worker Selection
    375
    PushPull Force Limits Sheik N Imrhan
    407
    Force Exertion in UserProduct Interaction Brechtje J Daams
    421
    Rapid Upper Limb Assessment RULA E N Corlett
    437
    Ergonomics of Hand Tools Andris Freivalds
    461
    ComputerAided Design and Human Models J Mark Porter
    479
    A Guide to Computer Software for Ergonomics Jari Järvinen
    501
    Physiological Instrumentation Danuta Koradecka and J Bugajska
    525
    VideoBased Measurements of Human Movement Peter M Quesada
    549
    Force Dynamometers and Accelerometers Robert G Radwin
    565
    Human and System Reliability Analysis Joseph Sharit
    601
    Some Developments in Human Reliability Assessment Barry Kirwan
    643
    A ComputerBased System for Development
    667
    Managing the SpeedAccuracy TradeOff Colin G Drury
    677
    Receiver Characteristics in Safety Communications Stephen L Young
    693
    Design of Industrial Warnings David R Clark Susan A H Benysh
    707
    Ergonomics Methods in the Design of Consumer Products Neville
    741
    MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
    761
    Integrated Analysis of Upper Extremity Disorders Richard Wells
    775
    Biomechanical Aspects of CTDs Richard W Marklin
    795
    Occupational Risk Factors for Shoulder Disorders Eira ViikariJuntura
    833
    Design and Evaluation Robert G Radwin
    851
    Gloves Ram Bishu and A Muralidhar
    865
    Industrial Mats JungYong Kim
    877
    Ergonomic Principles Applied to the Prevention of Injuries to
    887
    Ergonomics of the Foot Stephan Konz
    895
    Epidemiology of Back Pain in Industry Gunnar B J Andersson
    913
    Static Biomechanical Modeling in Manual Lifting Don B Chaffin
    933
    Theory and Relevance in Assisting
    945
    Quantitative Assessment of Trunk Performance Mohamad Parnianpour
    985
    Perspective on Industrial Low Back Pain Malcolm H Pope and Donald
    1007
    OSHA Recordkeeping Stephen J Morrissey
    1227
    Body Discomfort Assessment Tools Leon M Straker
    1239
    Medical Management of Workrelated Musculoskeletal Disorders
    1257
    Charles K Anderson
    1291
    Assessment of Worker Functional Capacities Glenda L Key
    1321
    More Data Same
    1353
    The Influence of Psychosocial Factors on Sickness Absence
    1373
    Upper Extremity Support Carolyn M Sommerich
    1395
    ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN
    1409
    A Participatory Method to Improve Ergonomics and Safety
    1431
    Application of Ergonomics to Continuous
    1447
    Corporate Cost Avoidance Using Sound Ergonomics Technology
    1461
    Economic Analysis of Ergonomics Programs Carolyn M Sommerich
    1475
    Economic Justification of the Ergonomics Process David C Alexander
    1495
    Economic Aiding and EconomicErgonomic Interactions in Design
    1519
    A Corporate Perspective
    1545
    Success Factors for Industrial Ergonomics Programs David C
    1561
    Elements of the Ergonomics Process Åsa Kilbom and Nils F Petersson
    1575
    A Large Industry Perspective Bradley
    1583
    A SmallIndustry Perspective
    1613
    The Role of Ergonomics Training in Industry Marilyn Joyce
    1631
    Training Issues in Industrial Ergonomics Richard J Koubek
    1641
    Auditory Effects Measurement Regulations
    1683
    Vibrometry Donald E Wasserman and David G Wilder
    1693
    The Foundational Case
    1707
    Work Shift Usability Testing Donald I Tepas
    1741
    ERGONOMICS AND THE WORKING
    1759
    Giovanni Molteni
    1779
    Seating and Posture in VDT Work Antonio Grieco
    1793
    Psychosocial Factors and Musculoskeletal Disorders
    1813
    Methodology
    1821
    A New ConsumerOriented Technology
    1837
    Design for Human Assembly DHA Martin G Helander
    1849
    Human Factors in Agile Manufacturing Chris Forsythe and Eric Grose
    1867
    Occupational Safety in Robotics Mansour Rahimi
    1881
    Ergonomics Issues in Mining Sean Gallagher
    1893
    Risk Assessment and Safety Management in Industry Juraj Sinay
    1917
    Ergonomics in Health Care Organizations Roger C Jensen
    1949
    Ergonomics Efforts in Package Delivery Industry Steven W Thompson
    1961
    Ergonomics in the Construction Industry Scott P Schneider
    1967
    Ergonomics Issues in Air Traffic Management Karol Kerns
    1979
    Author Index
    2007
    Subject Index
    2043
    Copyright

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