Animal Eyes provides a comparative account of all known types of eye in the animal kingdom, outlining their structure and function with an emphasis on the nature of the optical systems and the physical principles involved in image formation. A universal theme throughout the book is the evolution and taxonomic distribution of each type of eye, and the roles of different eye types in the behaviour and ecology of the animals that possess them. In comparing the specific capabilities of eyes, it considers the factors that lead to good resolution of detail and the ability to function under a wide range of light conditions. This new edition is fully updated throughout, incorporating more than a decade of new discoveries and research.
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acceptance angle acute zone Airy disc animals aperture apposition eyes arthropods axis bees behaviour blur butterflies Cambrian camera-type eyes centre cephalopods Chapter colour vision compound eyes contrast cornea crabs crustaceans crystalline cone curvature dark detect diameter diffraction direction distance dorsal evolved eye evolution eye movements eye’s facet field of view fish focal length focus focused function ganglion cells gradient head horizontal human eye insects inter-ommatidial angles jumping spiders larvae layers lens eyes lenses mantis shrimps microvilli mirror molluscs motion move multilayer Nilsson nodal point objects ocelli ommatidia ommatidium opsins optical system pattern photon numbers photons photoreceptor cells plane Plate polarized light prey principal eyes pseudopupil pupil radians rays receptors reflecting reflectors refracting superposition refractive index region resolution retina rhabdom rhabdomeres rotation saccades scanning secondary eyes sensitivity showing single spatial vision species spherical aberration structures superposition eyes surface tapetum tion vertebrates vertical visual pigments wavelength Δρ Δϕ