Housing and Urban Development in the USSR
This study of housing and the urban environment in a socialist society sheds light on the discrepancy between plan and reality. It investigates the sources and consequences of the problem and shows how the U.S.S.R. has attempted to find solutions.
Following a general background and overview section, the book deals with the construction, control, and use of buildings in Soviet cities. It then investigates the types of housing considered to be most appropriate for today's Russian urbanite. Focusing on housing sites, it shows the reality of the housing situation in the U.S.S.R. and uncovers spatial patterns of social segregation in Soviet urban development. The question of high- and low-rise housing for workers is also discussed.
Andrusz shows how today's Soviet society has evolved away from certain patterns created by the architects of the Revolution. New norms, values, and demands--particularly in the visible form of a more privatized lifestyle: the consumer-oriented, car-ownership-seeking, nuclear family with segregated role playing--have resulted in new dwelling needs.
The book is enriched with tables, notes and references, and a useful bibliography.
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accommodation administrative agglomeration allocated amenities architects areas average blocks of flats building capital investment cent central centres city soviet Committee communal costs cultural decree departmental Dnepropetrovsk dwellings E. H. Carr economic enterprises erected existing fact factors five-year plan gazeta gorispolkom gorodov Gosplan Gosstroi growth house construction house-building co-operatives housing policy housing tenure increase individual industrial industrialised institutions Kiev KPSS labour land large cities largest cities Leningrad living space local soviets low-rise ment ministries Moscow Narodnoe khozyaistvo SSSR oblast organisations overall ownership planners Postanovlenie Soveta Ministrov Pravda private housing private sector problem production programme proportion providing razvitiya rent responsible RSFSR rural settlements shortage small towns socialist society Soveta Ministrov SSSR Soviet Union spatial SPSSSR square metres storeys tion town planning transfer Ukraine urban development urban housing stock urban planning urban renewal USSR workers ZhSK
Page 295 - If the Russian Revolution becomes the signal for a proletarian revolution in the West, so that both complement each other, the present Russian common ownership of land may serve as the starting point for a communist development.
Page 350 - Each man, finally, outside his professional activity, carries on some form of intellectual activity, that is, he is a "philosopher", an artist, a man of taste, he participates in a particular conception of the world, has a conscious line of moral conduct, and therefore contributes to sustain a conception of the world or to modify it, that is, to bring into being new modes of thought.
Page 3 - And even when a society has got upon the right track for the discovery of the natural laws of its movement— and it is the ultimate aim of this work, to lay bare the economic law of motion of modern society— it can neither clear by bold leaps, nor remove by legal enactments, the obstacles offered by the successive phases of its normal development. But it can shorten and lessen the birth-pangs.
Page 1 - Germans, who are devoid of premises, we must begin by stating the first premise of all human existence, and, therefore, of all history, the premise, namely, that men must be in a position to live in order to "make history". But life involves before everything else eating and drinking, a habitation, clothing and many other things. The first historical act is thus the production of the means to satisfy these needs, the production of material life itself.
Page xiii - ... the most reckless and treacherous of all theorists is he who professes to let facts and figures speak for themselves, who keeps in the back-ground the part he has played, perhaps unconsciously, in selecting and grouping them, and in suggesting the argument post hoc ergo propter hoc.