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Achaian Achaian League Aigion Akarnania Alexander American Amphiktyonic Council ancient Aratos Archon aristocratic Arkadian Assembly Athenian Athenian Democracy Athens body Boeotian League Cantons capital CHAP citizens city-commonwealth civil common commonwealth Confederation Democracy democratic Demos Demosthenes despotic doubt doubtless election English equal Etolian existence Federal Government Federal system Federal Union form of government franchise freedom Grecian history Greek Grote Hell Hellenic historian independent independent cities inhabitants internal King kingdom laws least less Lykian Macedonian Magistrates Mantineia Megalopolis ment Ministers modern monarchy municipal Naupaktos oligarchic Olynthian Olynthos once Orchomenos Parliament patriotism Pausanias peace perfect Plataia political education Polybios position practically President representative Republic Roman Rome seems Senate seqq single city sovereign sovereignty Sparta Strabo Tegea territory Theban Thebes Thespia Thessaly Thirlwall Thuc Thucydides tion towns true Federal Tyranny Tyrant United viii vote warfare whole
Page 263 - On the same principle, the more multitudinous a representative assembly may be rendered, the more it will partake of the infirmities incident to collective meetings of the people. Ignorance will be the dupe of cunning, and passion the slave of sophistry and declamation. The people can never err more than in supposing that by multiplying their representatives beyond a certain limit, they strengthen the barrier against the government of a few. Experience will...
Page 263 - Experience will forever admonish them, that on the contrary, after securing a sufficient number for the purposes of safety, of local information, and of diffusive sympathy with the whole society, they will counteract their own views, by every addition to their representatives. The countenance of the government may become more democratic ; but the soul that animates it will be more oligarchic. The machine will be enlarged, but the fewer, and often the more secret will be the springs by which its motions...
Page 1 - The name of Federal Government may, in its widest sense, be applied to any union of component members where the degree of union between the members surpasses that of mere alliance, however intimate, and where the degree of independence possessed by each member surpasses anything which can fairly come under the head of merely municipal freedom.
Page 20 - As the natural limit of a democracy, is that distance from the central point, which will but just permit the most remote citizens to assemble as often as their public functions demand...
Page 71 - THE mode of appointment of the chief magistrate of the United States, is almost the only part of the system of any consequence, which has escaped without severe censure, or which has received the slightest mark of approbation from its apponents.
Page 13 - Federation is a form of government in which sovereignty or political power is divided between the central and local governments so that each of them within its own sphere is independent of the...
Page 7 - Commonwealth, then, in its perfect form, is one which forms a single state in its relations to other nations, but which consists of many states with regard to its internal government.
Page 88 - No one could wish to cut up our United Kingdom into a Federation, to invest English Counties with the rights of American States, or even to restore Scotland and Ireland to the quasi-Federal position which they held before their respective Unions. A Federal Union, to be of any value, must arise by the establishment of a closer tie between elements which were before distinct, not by the division of members which have been hitherto more closely united.
Page 1 - On the one hand, each of the members of the union must be wholly independent in those matters which concern each member only. On the other hand, all must be subject to a common power in those matters which concern the whole body of members collectively.
Page 2 - This complete division of sovereignty we may look upon as essential to the absolute perfection of the Federal ideal. But that ideal is one so very refined and artificial, that it seems not to have been attained more than four or five times in the history of the world.