Report of the Commission Appointed by the Government of Palestine to Inquire Into the Affairs of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem

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Page 128 - ... wherefore the name of the patriarch of Alexandria keeps him in alarm, and Constantinople is still in considerable commotion "The election of the patriarchs, excepting him of Constantinople, rests in the leading men of the nation, who assemble with the clergy, and, after the customary prayers, choose whom they judge fittest. When they are elected, they deposit a certain sum with the Turkish officials of* the province to obtain possession The patriarch of Alexandria pays nothing to the Turks, nor...
Page 4 - Christian populations of Turkey in modern times is to a great extent the history of the disintegration of this artificial unity. In the Patriarchates of Antioch and Jerusalem the Arabic-speaking Orthodox population long ago ceased to have a common national consciousness with its Greek ecclesiastical authorities. In Turkish eyes Greek bishops, Greek monks and Arabic-speaking laity were all alike "Roman", and were so officially described;2 but this official designation had ceased to correspond with...
Page 109 - Rome, because it was the imperial city ; and for the same reason the hundred and fifty Bishops here assembled have decided that New Rome, which is honoured with the empire and the senate, shall have the same advantages with...
Page 167 - ... and continue as they received it from the beginning, . . " These nations have four lawful patriarchs, amongst whom the patriarch of Constantinople holds the first place, the patriarch of Alexandria the second, the patriarch of Antioch the third, and the patriarch of Jerusalem the last. There can be no doubt that before the empire of the East the Archbishop of Constantinople never had the title of patriarch, and the patriarch of Alexandria was always primate ; as may be gathered from the first...
Page 167 - ... That appears to me the proper method of governing Churches ; and if we at the present time are somewhat wanting, the cause of it is the tyranny of the unbelievers, to which perverse men frequently have recourse ; and thus confound the order of our Church, which my eyes have often seen in these times "The Greek Church is distributed into many nations — the Iberians, Colchians, Arabs, Chaldeans, Ethiopians, ^Egyptians, Muscovites, Russians, Bulgarians, Servians or Sclavians, Albanians, Caramanians,...
Page 167 - ... and support of the general views of the Churches of the Reformation, through a conspiracy of the Pope's emissaries, the clergy of the Greek Church, and the Turkish authorities, he was cruelly murdered by drowning or strangulation, on the 26th of June, 1638. The second document is the catechetical ' Confession of the Orthodox Faith of the Catholic and Apostolic Church of Christ, composed by Peter Mogilas, Metropolitan of Kioff...
Page 213 - ... expenses. It is temporarily insolvent, and the special moratorium is equivalent to a declaration of its insolvency. To deal with this situation the Commissioners urged that a commission of control should be appointed, whose task •would be to liquidate the debt of the Patriarchate, to introduce economies into its annual budget, to increase its revenues by the introduction of improved methods of administration, and to secure that when the debt is liquidated, and full powers of financial administration...
Page 4 - ... in modern times is to a great extent the history of the disintegration of this artificial unity. In the Patriarchates of Antioch and Jerusalem the Arabic-speaking Orthodox population long ago ceased to have a common national consciousness with its Greek Ecclesiastical authorities. In Turkish eyes J Greek Bishops, Greek Monks and Arabic-speaking , laity were all alike ' Roman ', and were so officially described ; but this official designation had ceased to correspond with the facts.
Page 9 - ... the convent has come to be de facto the governing body of the Church ; but it is hardly necessary to point out that it cannot be so de jure. The government of the Church is in its essence episcopal, and all religious communities are communities within the Church, subject, like the parish clergy and laity, to a common episcopal government. But the official view entertained in the Patriarchate appears to be not only that the monastery has de facto acquired control of the Church, but that it has...
Page 205 - Patriarchate, had accumulated an enormous debt, did not give a strenuous defence to the rights of the Orthodox Church in the Holy Shrines, tolerated the establishment of institutions of other Orthodox Churches in Palestine, did not make proper pastoral provision for the flock, oppressed the Brotherhood, did not provide for proper administration during his absence in Damascus, sought to estrange the Fraternity from the Greek nation and strove to give it a local or pan-Orthodox character.

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