Understanding viscoelasticity is pertinent to design applications as diverse as earplugs, gaskets, computer disks, satellite stability, medical diagnosis, injury prevention, vibration abatement, tire performance, sports, spacecraft explosions, and music. This book fits a one-semester graduate course on the properties, analysis, and uses of viscoelastic materials. Those familiar with the author's precursor book, Viscoelastic Solids, will see that this book contains many updates and expanded coverage of the materials science, causes of viscoelastic behavior, properties of materials of biological origin, and applications of viscoelastic materials. The theoretical presentation includes both transient and dynamic aspects, with emphasis on linear viscoelasticity to develop physical insight. Methods for the solution of stress analysis problems are developed and illustrated. Experimental methods for characterization of viscoelastic materials are explored in detail. Viscoelastic phenomena are described for a wide variety of materials, including viscoelastic composite materials. Applications of viscoelasticity and viscoelastic materials are illustrated with case studies.
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acoustic alloys aluminum amplitude analysis angular angular frequency applied attenuation bone bulk modulus coefﬁcient compliance composite Composite Materials considered constant constitutive equations correspondence principle creep crystal curve deﬁned deﬁnition deformation depends dislocation displacement dissipation dynamic dynamic modulus effect elastic modulus electric energy example exhibit experimental exponential ﬁbers ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬂow ﬂuid foam gives rise glass high damping hysteresis integral Internal Friction isotropic Laplace transform layer linear linearly Viscoelastic material load longitudinal waves loss tangent magnetic matrix measured mechanical metals motion nonlinear obtained percent phase Phys Rev piezoelectric Poisson’s ratio polymer range relation relaxation function relaxation strength resonance response room temperature rubber shear modulus shown in Figure sinusoidal solid solution speciﬁc specimen stiffness strain stress stress relaxation stress—strain structure sufﬁciently superposition tan6 tan8 theory thermal thermoelastic tion tissue torque torsion transducers ultrasonic vibration viscoelastic behavior Viscoelastic Properties wave Young’s modulus Zener zero