Personality and Individual Differences
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This accessible introductory text covers core domains of variation in individual differences: the history, philosophy and methods used in individual differences psychology, personality, intellect, affect and the self. It provides concise and focused coverage of the central concepts, research and debates in this key area, while developing students' higher level skills. Activities help readers build the underpinning generic critical thinking and transferable skills they need to become independent learners, and to meet the requirements of their programme of study.
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Chapter 2 Personality
Chapter 3 Personality and physical health
Chapter 4 Atypical personality traits and mental health
Chapter 5 Cultural and sex differences in personality
Chapter 6 The structure and determinants of intelligence
Chapter 7 The use of intellectual ability tests
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academic literature achievement activity analysis and evaluation approaches to personality argue assess behaviour genetics biological biopsychosocial model British Psychological Society Caprara and Cervone challenges Chapter characteristics clinical cognitive ability complex concepts conceptualised consider construct contexts critical thinking debate definition describe develop disease prone personality domains emotions evidence example explicit standardised tests extent extraversion factors field Figure focus focuses groups health and disorder health and well-being high-stakes human motivation identify implicit theoretical assumptions important Importantly individual differences psychology individual differences research individual’s intellectual ability tests inter-rater reliability issues McCrae measure mental disorder mental health methods neuroticism ofthe personality disorders personality psychology personality traits physical health predict processes psychological phenomena psychometric questions relationship research on intelligence research on personality scale self-efficacy self-regulation self-report self-report inventories social social phobia specific statistical stereotype threat structure TABP task term test scores tests of intellectual theory typical understanding validity variation