Muʻawiya ibn abi Sufyan: from Arabia to Empire
In this accessible study, Stephen Humphreys introduces the most elusive of the early caliphs, Mu'awiya ibn abi Sufyan (602-680). Throughout history, some have accused him of being the first caliph to diverge from Muhammed's model of ideal Muslim leadership whilst others credit him with uniting an empire in disarray and transforming the Caliphate into a practicable form of government. In light of this, Humphreys critically analyses his sources, and seeks to get as close as possible to a historical account of the great man.
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THE FIRST THREE DECADES 600632
The lineage of Muawiya
THE FIRST CIVIL WAR AND MUAWIYAS
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A'isha Abbasid Abd al-Malik Abd Manaf Abd Shams Abdallah ibn al-Zubayr Abu Bakr Abu Sufyan accept administrative al-Husayn Ali's Amr ibn al-'As Anatolia anecdotes Ansab-LDV Arab Arab tribesmen Arabia Arabic sources Armenia army Bakr and Umar Baladhuri Banu Hashim Basra Battle Byzantine Empire Byzantium caliph Camel campaigns century Christian chronicle Civil claim clan coast command Companions conquests Constantinople cousin critical Damascus decades early caliphate early Islam Egypt Faithful father followers forces frontier garrison God's governor of Syria Harb Hijaz Iran Iraq Iraqi Jerusalem Kalb Kharijite kingship kinsman Kufa Kufan later lineages loyalty Marwan ibn al-Hakam Mecca Medina military Mu'awiya Mu'awiya's death Muhammad mulk Muslim Muslim community navy never oath ofYazid Palestine partisan piety political Prophet province Qur'an Quraysh raids regime reign religious role rule scholars Shi'ite Siffin story struggle successor Tabari things tradition tribal tribes troops Umayyads Uthman Yazid Ziyad ibn