Creatine: The Power Supplement

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Human Kinetics, 1999 - Health & Fitness - 251 pages
2 Reviews


Learn how creatine supplementation affects performance with this authoritative source drawn from the latest research findings. Creatine: The Power Supplement is the first book to provide scientific analysis of creatine supplementation on exercise performance and athlete health and safety.

The subject of numerous studies during the 1990s, creatine is a naturally occurring substance necessary for synthesizing phosphocreatine that is used by the muscles during high-intensity exercise. Supplementation programs significantly increase the body's supply of creatine and phosphocreatine, resulting in the muscles' capacity to quickly re-energize after exertion.

Creatine: The Power Supplement presents a detailed analysis of:

- Scientific literature discussing the effects of creatine supplementation on various forms of exercise, sport performance, and on body mass
- Creatine requirements and metabolic functions
- Supplementation protocols and the effects on muscle creatine stores
- Possible adverse effects of creatine supplementation
- Legal and ethical considerations regarding creatine use by competitive athletes
- The historical evolution of creatine use

Creatine: The Power Supplement is the most comprehensive book available on one of the most popular supplements in sports.

 

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Contents

Brief History
3
Chapter Summary
11
Endogenous Synthesis
17
Other Functions of Creatine
26
Human Energy and Fatigue
32
Theoretical Ergolytic Effects
40
Effects of Supplementation
46
Chapter Summary
61
Swimming Performance
145
Chapter Summary
152
LaboratoryBased and FieldBased Running Exercise
159
Performance Studies Including Biochemical Markers
163
Creatine Supplementation and Body Mass
170
Chapter Summary
194
Medical Uses of Creatine and Phosphocreatine
203
LongTerm Safety
213

Research Considerations With
63
Chapter Summary
69
Field Studies
112
Chapter Summary
131
LaboratoryBased Cycle Ergometer Studies
138
Ethical Aspects
219
Index
241
About the Authors
251
Copyright

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About the author (1999)


Melvin Williams, PhD, is Eminent Scholar Emeritus in the Department of Exercise Science, Physical Education, and Recreation at Old Dominion University. He has conducted research on various ergogenic aids for over 30 years and has published numerous original research studies and review articles.

Author of The Ergogenics Edge (Human Kinetics, 1998), Dr. Williams also wrote the definitive college text, Nutrition for Fitness and Sport, now in its fifth edition. He is also the founding editor of the International Journal of Sport Nutrition. Dr. Williams is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and a member of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Dr. Williams lives in Norfolk, Virginia.

Richard B. Kreider, PhD, is associate professor, assistant department chair, and director of the Exercise and Sport Nutrition Laboratory in the Department of Human Movement Sciences and Education at the University of Memphis. He has focused his research efforts on ergogenic aids and human physical performance and has conducted numerous studies on creatine supplementation.

Editor of the popular reference, Overtraining in Sport (Human Kinetics, 1998), Dr. Kreider has published more than 100 research articles and abstracts in scientific journals. He is a Fellow of the ACSM and the research digest editor for the International Journal of Sport Nutrition. Dr. Kreider lives in Bartlett, Tennessee.

J. David Branch, PhD, is assistant professor of exercise science at Old Dominion University. He has conducted several studies involving ergogenic aids, including the effects of creatine supplementation on women.

Since 1980 Dr. Branch has been supervisor of Bicycle Ergometer Graded Exercise Testing for the South Carolina State Law Enforcement Health/Fitness Screening Program. He has also served as codirector of a fitness and cardiac rehabilitation center.

Dr. Branch is a Fellow of the ACSM and has been widely published. He lives in Norfolk, Virginia.

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