Colonial 'reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892-1995

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University of Toronto Press, 2000 - Social Science - 279 pages
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The To Pamona, the people of the highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, exhibit the effects of a complicated history of colonial contact. In this anthropological study, Albert Schrauwers examines the profound impact of a Dutch Protestant Mission on the religion and culture of the To Pamona.

Schrauwers reveals how a unique discourse on religion in the Netherlands was exported to its colony, Indonesia. The missionaries fostered a religious nationalism that ultimately transformed the region's cultural and political identity over the course of the subsequent century. The role of the church in Dutch and Indonesian affairs of state is established and the historical roots of this 'pillarization' are unearthed. Central to this phenomenon among the To Pamona, says Schrauwers, was the influence of Dutch missionary Albert C. Kruyt, who used ethnographic methods to impose upon the people a foreign religion and social structure.

Schrauwers has based his study on extensive archival research conducted in the Netherlands, as well as two years of field work in Sulawesi. He presents a dynamic view of the evolution of religious practice among the To Pomona, and brings new material to the scholarship on identity and religion in Indonesia.

 

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Contents

On Origin Stories in a Postmodern World
3
Rationalizing Religion
16
Missions in Colonial Context
31
Imperialism and the Incorporation of Central Sulawesi
45
Religion in a Colonial Context
58
The Reformation
60
Church and State as Village Institutions
77
A Volkskerk in Transition
90
Marriage Kinship and Posintuwu Networks
129
Posintuwu
145
Class and Marriage
160
Ritual Theory Ritual Practice
173
Dominance and the Protestant Worship Service
187
The Rationalization of Belief
197
Rationalization
211
Rationalizing Religion in Indonesia
225

Shared Poverty and the MoralEconomy Model 1
104
The Commodification of WetRice Production in Tentena 11
116
Culture as Contested Territory
241
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About the author (2000)

ALBERT SCHRAUWERS is a lecturer in the Department of Anthropology, London School of Economics.

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