A Linguistic Geography of Africa
Bernd Heine, Emeritus Professor Institute of African Studies Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse
Cambridge University Press, 2008 - 371 pages
More than forty years ago it was demonstrated that the African continent can be divided into four distinct language families. Research on African languages has accordingly been preoccupied with reconstructing and understanding similarities across these families. This has meant that an interest in other kinds of linguistic relationship, such as whether structural similarities and dissimilarities among African languages are the result of contact between these languages, has never been the subject of major research. This book shows that such similarities across African languages are more common than is widely believed. It provides a broad perspective on Africa as a linguistic area, as well as an analysis of specific linguistic regions. In order to have a better understanding of African languages, their structures, and their history, more information on these contact-induced relationships is essential to understanding Africa's linguistic geography, and to reconstructing its history and prehistory.
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2 Is Africa a linguistic area
3 Africa as a phonological area
4 Africa as a morphosyntactic area
5 The MacroSudan belt towards identifying a linguistic area in northern subSaharan Africa
6 The Tanzanian Rift Valley area
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
accusative Adamawa-Ubangi adpositions afﬁxes African languages Afroasiatic Alagwa Amharic areal Bantu languages Benue-Congo Berber Burunge Central Khoisan Central Sudanic Chadic languages classiﬁcation clauses clitic common consonants constituent order constructions converb Cushitic languages Datooga deﬁned deﬁnite Dimmendaal distinction distribution East eastern ergative Ethio-Semitic Ethiopia example ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve fricatives function gender genetic grammatical grammaticalization Greenberg Gu¨ldemann guages Hadza Heine Ijoid implosives inﬂection inﬂuence Iraqw Khoisan languages language contact lexical linguistic area logophoricity Maale Macro-Sudan belt main verb Mande marked-nominative languages markers marking modiﬁers morphemes morphologically nasal Niger-Congo languages Nilo-Saharan languages Nilotic languages nominative noun phrase Nyaturu object occur Omotic languages Oromo phonological plural predicate preﬁx pronominal pronouns properties Proto-West Rift Saharan Saharan language Sandawe semantic Southern Cushitic speciﬁc structure Sudanic belt sufﬁxes Surmic syntactic tense tone levels Tosco typological unmarked verb forms verbal vowel harmony West Rift Wolaitta zone
Page 325 - Grammatical convergence and the genesis of diversity in the Northwest Coast Sprachbund'.