Speech of the Honourable Artemas Ward: Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, on the Fifth Day of March, 1814, on a Bill Making Appropriations for the Support of the Military Establishment of the United States for the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fourteen

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C. Stebbins, 1814 - United States - 59 pages
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Page 57 - By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.
Page 26 - That if any person shall be prosecuted under this act, for the writing or publishing any libel aforesaid, it shall be lawful for the defendant, upon the trial of the cause, to give in evidence in his defence, the truth of the matter contained in the publication charged as a libel. And the jury who shall try the cause, shall have a right to determine the law and the fact, under the direction of the court, as in other cases.
Page 49 - I will not trust myself to tell you all I feel, all my constituents feel, upon this subject ; but I will say to the gentleman from Pennsylvania, that when he alludes to the probability that an intestine foe may be roused to assassination and brutality, he touches a chord that vibrates to the very heart. Yes, sir, I live in a state whose misfortune it is to contain the materials out of which may be made such a foe — a foe that will be found every where — in our fields, our kitchens, and our cham*bers...
Page 50 - But reflect well. I conjure you, before reflection is too late. Let not passion or prejudice dictate the decision ; if erroneous, its reversal may be decreed by a nation's miseries, and by the world's abhorrence. Mr. Chairman, turning from the gloomy view of the effects of the Canada war, my attention is arrested by another consequence likely to follow from it, on which I will not long detain you. but which is not less interesting nor less alarming. In proportion as gentlemen become heated in their...
Page 59 - ... harmless to the nation. The nominal party distinctions, sir, have become mere cabalistic terms. It is no longer a question whether, according to the theory of our constitution, there is more danger of the federal encroaching on the state governments, or the democracy of the state governments paralyzing the arm of federal power. Federalism and democracy have lost their meaning. It is now a question of commerce, peace and union of the states. On this question, unless the honesty and intelligence...
Page 43 - Twenty-three persons of your invading army, who were taken prisoners by the enemy at the battle of Queenstown, in Canada, have been sent to England as British subjects, to be tried for treason. To deter the enemy from executing the law upon these unhappy men, our executive has ordered into close custody, an equal number — not of American citizens invading our country, (this would, indeed, be retaliation,) — but of British prisoners, who have committed no crime. It is avowed that these shall be...
Page 27 - ... humanity, and national policy. These objections I wish to explain and enforce, and thus avail myself of an opportunity of discussing some of the most interesting topics which grow out of the alarming state of the nation. I fear that all I can do will avail nothing. But, sir, representing a respectable portion of the American people, who are suffering with peculiar severity from the pressure of this unfortunate and mismanaged war; who, with me, believe no good is to grow out of it, and who apprehend,...
Page 41 - But their number has been large enough to render the grievance a serious one ; and, be they more or less, the right to the protection of their country is sacred, and must be regarded. The Government would forfeit its claims to the respect and affection of its citizens, if it omitted any rational means to secure the rights of American seamen from actual violation.
Page 58 - When a majority is included in a faction, the form of popular government, on the other hand, enables it to sacrifice to its ruling passion or interest, both the public good and the rights of other citizens. To secure the public good and private rights against the danger of such a faction, and at the same time to preserve the spirit and the form of popular government, is then the great object to which our inquiries are directed.
Page 33 - ... cry made about thirty years afterwards in the case of John Wilkes and general warrants. The dispute of 1737, with Spain, grew out of a municipal claim asserted by that Government, and of the rigorous practice of their guarda costas to search British vessels hovering on the coasts of the Spanish colonies for prohibited articles designed to be smuggled into them. A claim said to be repugnant to the Treaty of Seville, and certainly very inconvenient to the illicit trade between Jamaica and the Spanish...

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