Wild Harvest: Plants in the Hominin and Pre-Agrarian Human Worlds
Plants are fundamental to life; they are used by all human groups and most animals. They provide raw materials, vitamins and essential nutrients and we could not survive without them. Yet access to plant use before the Neolithic can be challenging. In some places, plant remains rarely survive and reconstructing plant use in pre-agrarian contexts needs to be conducted using a range of different techniques. This lack of visible evidence has led to plants being undervalued, both in terms of their contribution to diet and as raw materials. This book outlines why the role of plants is required for a better understanding of hominin and pre-agrarian human life, and it offers a variety of ways in which this can be achieved.
Wild Harvest is divided into three sections. In section 1 each chapter focuses on a specific feature of plant use by humans; this covers the role of carbohydrates, the need for and effects of processing methods, the role of plants in self-medication among apes, plants as raw materials, and the extent of evidence for plant use prior to the development of agriculture in the Near East. Section 2 comprises seven chapters which cover different methods available to obtain information on plants, and the third section has five chapters, each covering a topic related to ethnography, ethnohistory, or ethnoarchaeology, and how these can be used to improve our understanding of the role of plants in the pre-agrarian past.
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the roles of plants and plant processing in delivering the dietary requirements of modern and early Homo
3 An apes perspective on the origins of medicinal plant use in humans
4 Plants as raw materials
the path to agriculture
Plant foods tools and people
10 Phytolith evidence of the use of plants as food by Late Natufians at Raqefet Cave
11 Evidence of plant foods obtained from the dental calculus of individuals from a Brazilian shell mound
12 Stable isotopes and mass spectrometry
Providing a context ethnography ethnobotany ethnohistory ethnoarchaeology
archaeological and ethnographical contexts
14 Plants and archaeology in Australia
plant use among Fuegian huntergatherers
wild plants in diet composition and daily use among Hadza huntergatherers
the importance of roots and tubers in Mesolithic diet
extracting plants from stone and bone
8 Buccal dental microwear as an indicator of diet in modern and ancient human populations
the use of phytoliths for identifying plant remains in the archaeological record at Olduvai
Other editions - View all
Aboriginal Academy of Sciences afarensis Africa analysis animals archaeobotanical Archaeobotany Archaeological Science Arnhem Land artefacts Australia Bar-Yosef behaviour buccal microwear cal BC carbohydrates Cave cell cereals charred chimpanzees consumed consumption dental calculus dental microwear dietary early hominin ecology edible environment Epipalaeolithic ethnographic evidence excavations exploitation fibre fish traps food processing foraging fruits Fullagar gathering Gijn glucose grasses Hadza Hardy Hillman Holocene hominin Homo Huffman Human Evolution hunter-gatherers identified Jabuticabeira Journal of Archaeological Journal of Human Kubiak-Martens Late Mesolithic Levant Mesolithic microwear analysis Nadel National Academy Natufian Neanderthal Neolithic nutrients Nutrition Olduvai Gorge Palaeolithic parenchyma Pérez-Pérez phytoliths Piperno plant foods plant remains plant resources pre-agrarian Pre-Pottery Neolithic prehistoric protein Quaternary reconstruction region root sambaquis samples Scheel-Ybert Sciences USA season seeds Selknam species Sponheimer stable isotope starch starch granules stone tools subsistence suggest tissue tubers wetlands wild plants Willcox Wrangham Zamostje