Time Driven: Metapsychology and the Splitting of the Drive
Elaborating the fundamental concept of Trieb, or drive, Freud outlines two basic types of conflict that at once disturb and organize mental life: the conflict between drives and reality; and the conflict between the drives themselves (as in amorous Eros against the aggressive death drive). In Time Driven, Adrian Johnston identifies a third distinct type of conflict overlooked by Freud: the conflict embedded within each and every drive. By bringing this critical type of conflict to light and explaining its sobering consequences for an understanding of the psyche, Johnston's book makes an essential theoretical contribution to Continental philosophy. His work offers a philosophical interpretation and reassessment of psychoanalysis that places it in relationship to the larger stream of ideas forming our world and, at the same time, clarifies its original contribution to our understanding of the human situation.
Johnston draws on Jacques Lacan's oeuvre in conjunction with certain philosophical resources-elements from transcendental philosophy, structuralism, and phenomenology-to rectify the inconsistencies within the Freudian metapsychological model of drive. In doing so, he helps to answer a question haunting Freud at the end of his career: Why is humanity plagued by a perpetual margin of discontent, despite technological and cultural progress?
In Time Driven, Johnston is able to make sense of Freud's metapsychology both as a whole and in its historical development of Lacan's reinterpretation of Freud, and of the place of both Freud and Lacan in modern philosophy.
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alteration always–already analysand analysis analytic and/or anxiety axis of iteration biological body Borromean knot castration cathexis Cogito concept conﬂict conscious constitutive contingent Critique death drive deﬁned deﬁnition demands desire diachronic dimension Ding distinction drive theory drive-object drive-source enjoyment experience external fantasy ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd Fink ﬁrst Freud Freudian function his/her human identiﬁes Imaginary individual’s inﬂuence inner sense insofar instinct internal intuition Jacques Lacan Jacques-Alain Miller Jean Laplanche ject jouissance Kant Kant’s Kantian Kristeva Lacanian Lacanian theory Laplanche Leclaire libidinal economy linguistic logical mediation metapsychological Miller mnemic modiﬁcations nature nonetheless notion noumenal object object-choices objet petit Oedipus one’s organic past phenomenal philosophical pleasure principle possible present psyche psychical psychoanalysis pure reality reﬂection repetition representations repressed retroactive satisfaction seminar sexual signiﬁer sinthome somatic speciﬁc split structure super-ego symbolic order temporal TEMPORAL LOGIC timeless tion Todestrieb topology transcendental Translated traumatic Trieb uncon unconscious Zˇizˇek