Lectures on Human and Animal Psychology

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George Allen, 1896 - Animal intelligence - 459 pages
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Page 395 - How the individual builds his house, or where he lives, may be a matter of protracted consideration for him. But that mankind at large build houses and seek shelter seems to him to be as natural and right as it probably does to the bee to construct its hexagonal cells. And even the question of the particular disposal of his own life, which is so tremendously important for the civilised man, generally troubles the savage but little. He builds his hut or pitches his tent as his fellows do, and as his...
Page 440 - ... there is a uniform co-ordination of the two. How are we to conceive of this connexion, if, as we have stated to be the case, it is not to be thought as that of cause and effect ? The answer to this question has been given in detail in the preceding pages of the book.
Page 342 - The young ant does not appear to come into the world with a full instinctive knowledge of all its duties as a member of a social community. It is led about the nest and ' trained to a knowledge of domestic duties, especially in the case of larvae.' Later on, the young ants are taught to distinguish between friends and foes. When an ants...
Page 10 - We cannot experiment upon mind itself. but only upon its outworks. the organs of sense and movement which are functionally related to mental processes.
Page 341 - I have noticed m one of my formicaria a subterranean cemetery, where I have seen some ants burying their dead by placing earth above them. One ant was evidently much affected, and tried to exhume the bodies; but the united exertions of the yellow sextons were more than sufficient to neutralize the effort of the disconsolate mourner.
Page 341 - At one formicary half a dozen or more young queens were out at the same time. They would climb up a large pebble near the gate, face the wind, and assume a rampant posture. Several having ascended the stone at one time, there ensued a little playful passage-at-arms as to position. They nipped each other gently with the mandibles, and chased one another from favourite spots. They, however, never nipped the workers. These latter evidently kept a watch upon the sportive princesses, occasionally saluted...
Page 1 - Psychology has to investigate that which we call internal experience, — ie., our own sensation and feeling, our thought and volition, — in contradistinction to the objects of external experience, which form the subject matter of natural science.
Page 22 - Every one knows that in the stilly night we hear things unnoticed in the noise of day. The gentle ticking of the clock, the air circulating through the chimney, the cracking of the chairs in the room, and a thousand other slight noises, impress themselves upon our ear. It is equally well known that in the confused hubbub of the streets, or the...
Page 23 - ... relations prevailed, a stimulus added to a pre-existing strong stimulus ought to provoke as great an increase of feeling as if it were added to a pre-existing weak stimulus ; the light of the stars eg, ought to make as great an addition to the daylight as it does to the darkness of the nocturnal sky. This we know not to be the case : the stars are invisible by day, the addition they make to our sensation then is unnoticable, whereas the same addition to our feeling of the twilight is very considerable...
Page 348 - ... asking if fishes swim. But I suspect that Mr. Hornaday is a better naturalist than he is a comparative psychologist, because all the eminent comparative psychologists, so far as I know them, 177 have reached the conclusion that animals do not reason. That eminent German psychologist, Wundt, says that the entire intellectual life of animals can be accounted for on the simple law of association...

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