Horse Trails to Regional Rails: The Story of Public Transit in Greater Cleveland
The history of public transportation in Greater Cleveland spans two centuries. As the city developed from a trading post on Lake Erie to an industrial giant and ever growing urban center, transportation policies and practices both promoted and reflected the dynamics of change. From the opening the Ohio and Erie Canal to the opening of the new waterfront rapid transit, Toman and Hays trace the ever-changing contours of a metropolitan area and the modes of transportation available to its public.
The scope of the book is comprehensive - canal, river, lake, and air transport - but the focus is on Cleveland's streetcars, interurbans, trackless trolleys, buses, and rapid transit trains. It also explores the effect of the coming of the automobile and its inevitable impact on the city.
Due attention is given to political, social, and technological forces that affected public transportation. The authors are unapologetically nostalgic when discussing the "golden years" of electric operations (1888-1963), a time when people seemed to enjoy the city more.
The book contains maps of the changing transportation infrastructure and 332 striking photographs, most not published until now. It will be invaluable to a wide audience - historians, collectors, transportation professionals, and those who love cities.
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airport automobile Avenue and East Avenue line began Blaine Hays Collection Blaine Hays photo Boulevard building built buses car line Central City of Cleveland city's Cleve Cleveland City Council Cleveland Press Cleveland Press photo Cleveland Railway Company Cleveland Railway photo Cleveland Transit photo Cleveland Union Terminal Cuyahoga County Cuyahoga River Detroit-Superior Bridge Dual-Hub East 55th Street East Cleveland East Ninth Street enue Euclid Avenue extended fares fleet franchise Freeway Greater Cleveland horsecar interurban Krisak Lake Erie loop Lorain Avenue miles million motor Ohio Ontario Street operation Park passengers percent Public Square public transit rail Railway Company rapid transit line riders ridership right-of-way Road Rocky River route RTA's served Shaker Heights Shaker Square station Street line street railway streetcar lines subway Superior Avenue Sweringen tion trackless trolley tracks traction traffic trailer Transit System trip vehicles Viaduct West 25th Street west side