Germany and the Black Diaspora: Points of Contact, 1250-1914

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Mischa Honeck, Martin Klimke, Anne Kuhlmann
Berghahn Books, Jul 1, 2013 - History - 270 pages
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The rich history of encounters prior to World War I between people from German-speaking parts of Europe and people of African descent has gone largely unnoticed in the historical literature—not least because Germany became a nation and engaged in colonization much later than other European nations. This volume presents intersections of Black and German history over eight centuries while mapping continuities and ruptures in Germans' perceptions of Blacks. Juxtaposing these intersections demonstrates that negative German perceptions of Blackness proceeded from nineteenth-century racial theories, and that earlier constructions of “race” were far more differentiated. The contributors present a wide range of Black–German encounters, from representations of Black saints in religious medieval art to Black Hessians fighting in the American Revolutionary War, from Cameroonian children being educated in Germany to African American agriculturalists in Germany's protectorate, Togoland. Each chapter probes individual and collective responses to these intercultural points of contact.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Part I Saints and Slaves Moors and Hessians
19
Black African Christians in Renaissance Germany
21
Chapter Two The Black Diaspora in Europe in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries with Special Reference to GermanSpeaking Areas
38
Black Servants at German Ancien Régime Courts
57
Chapter Four Real and Imagined Africans in Baroque Court Divertissements
74
Silenced Black Narratives of the American Revolution
92
Part II From Enlightenment to Empire
113
Race Abolitionism and Friedrich Tiedemanns Scientific Discourse on the African Diaspora
134
Chapter Eight Liberating Sojourns? African American Travelers in MidNineteenthCentury Germany
153
Popular German Race Science in the Emancipation Era
169
Tuskegees Uplift Ideology in German Togoland
187
Cameroonian Schoolchildren and Apprentices in Germany 18841914
213
New Perspectives
231
Selected Bibliography
241
Index
252

Chapter Six The German Reception of African American Writers in the Long Nineteenth Century
115

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About the author (2013)

Mischa Honeck is a research fellow at the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC. His first book, We Are the Revolutionists: German-Speaking Immigrants and American Abolitionists after 1848 (University of Georgia Press, 2011), was a Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2011.

Martin Klimke is Associate Dean of Humanities and Associate Professor of History at New York University Abu Dhabi. He is the author of The Other Alliance: Global Protest and Student Unrest in West Germany and the US, 1962-1972 (Princeton University Press, 2010) and coauthor of A Breath of Freedom: The Civil Rights Struggle, African-American GIs, and Germany (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010). He is a co-editor of the Protest, Culture and Society series (Berghahn Books) and of several collected volumes on various aspects of transatlantic and transnational history.

Anne Kuhlmann is a research fellow in Russian history at the Cultural Foundation of the German Federal States in Berlin. In 2010, she received the Sponsorship Award of the Society for Historical Migration Research for her PhD dissertation on black people in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Germany.

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