Constructing Ottoman Beneficence: An Imperial Soup Kitchen in Jerusalem
Ottoman charitable endowments (waqf) constituted an enduring monument to imperial beneficence and were important instruments of policy. One type of endowment, the public soup kitchen (>imaret) served travelers, scholars, pious mystics, and local indigents alike. Constructing Ottoman Beneficence examines the political, social, and cultural context for founding these public kitchens. It challenges long-held notions about the nature of endowments and explores for the first time how Ottoman modes of beneficence provide an important paradigm for understanding universal questions about the nature of charitable giving.
A typical and well-documented example was the imaret of Hasseki Hurrem Sultan, wife of Sultan Süleyman I, in Jerusalem. The imaret operated at the confluence of imperial endowment practices and Ottoman food supply policies, while also exemplifying the role of imperial women as benefactors. Through its operations, the imaret linked imperial Ottoman and local Palestinian interests, integrating urban and rural economies.
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Åbdülkerim akçe Åli Anatolia Arabic Architecture Balkans bath Bayram Bayt beneficence bread Brill building Byzantine Cairo Cambridge University Press caravansaray cauldrons charity Christian complex construction cooked culture daily Damascus defterleri distributed documents Economic Edirne Eminönü endowed properties endowment deed established Evliya Çelebi Faroqhi Ferhad foodstuffs foundation founder grain HaÍÍeki Sultan ºmaret Helena History Holy Hurrem Hurrem Sultan imaret Imperial Harem imperial household Inalcik included institutions Islamic Society Istanbul janissaries kadi Konya Leiden Mamluk manager Me¥med meals Medieval mosque MuÍ†afa numerous Osmanlı Ottoman Empire Ottoman imperial Ottoman Jerusalem Ottoman women patronage peasants Peirce Philanthropy pilgrims pious poor practice Princeton provincial public kitchen Quataert Qur’an registers revenues role rulers Selçuk Selim served sixteenth century Social soup specific status Studies sufi sufi residences Süleyman Süleymaniye Sultan supply tion title deeds tımar Topkapı Palace Trabzon tradition Turkish unsh£q urgud village waqf waqf-making waqfiyya wheat zak«t ze¿amet