Diversity in Sinitic Languages
Hilary M. Chappell
Oxford University Press, 2015 - Chinese language - 315 pages
This book presents new research into the great structural diversity found in Sinitic languages. While many studies focus principally on Standard Mandarin, this work draws on extensive empirical data from lesser-known languages, and seeks to dispel many recurrent linguistic myths about the Sinitic language family.
Part I presents findings that show the important interplay of research into diachronic linguistics and typology in China, beginning with a discussion of how to tackle the issue of linguistic diversity in Sinitic languages. Chapters in Part II examine the Sinitic languages from a crosslinguistic perspective with pan-Sinitic explorations of demonstrative paradigms; bare classifier phrases in relation to the coding of definiteness; and of the diachronic development of two main structures for comparatives of inequality with respect to issues in language contact. Part III is devoted to individual studies of linguistic micro-areas in China: Pinghua and the Guangxi Autonomous Region in the far South of China; Shaowu Min in the northwestern corner of Fujian province; the Wu dialect of Fuyang; and the Hui'an Southern Min dialect in the South of Fujian province.
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adjective adverb agent markers Ansaldo Basic tone Beijing BSTA Chappell and Peyraube Chen China CL book cleft sentences comparative ACOM comparative construction comparative marker comparative predicate contrast definite demonstrative systems diachronic dialect groups distal ditransitive example focus Fujian Fuyang Fuyang dialect Fuyang Wu Fuzhou grammatical grammaticalization Guangxi Hakka head-marking Hilary Hui'an dialect Hui’an implicational universals indefinite CL-N khar khaʔ7 language contact lexical linguistic areas medial morpheme Nanning Cantonese Nanning Pinghua neutral demonstrative Northern Zhuang noun phrases numeral object markers passive markers postverbal CL-N preposition province proximal QINDEF referents schema semantic sentences Shaowu Sinitic languages ſkei ſº Southern Min Southwestern Mandarin speakers Standard Cantonese Standard Mandarin standard of comparison structure Surpass comparative Suzhou syntactic Tai languages three-term tone sandhi Type II Surpass type of comparative typological unstressed complex pronouns Wang word order Wu dialects Xiang Xianghua yonder