The Biosphere

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Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 178 pages
Long unknown in the West, The Biosphere established the field of biogeochemistry and is one of the classic founding documents of what later became known as Gaia theory. It is the first sustained expression of the idea that life is a geological force that can change Earth's landforms, its climate, and even the contents of its atmosphere. A complete, unabridged translation has never before been available in English. This edition - complete with extensive annotations, an introductory essay placing the work in its historical context and explaining its relevance to readers today, and a foreword cosigned by a stellar group of international experts - will be the definitive edition of this classic work. "What Darwin did for life through time, Vernadsky did for life through space on a geological scale".
 

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Contents

The Biosphere in the Cosmic Medium
35
The Biosphere as a Region of Transformation of Cosmic Energy
39
The Empirical Generalization and the Hypothesis
41
Living Matter in the Biosphere
46
The Multiplication of Organisms and Geochemical Energy in Living Matter
50
Photosynthetic Living Matter
62
Some Remarks on Living Matter in the Mechanism of the Biosphere
75
An Envelope of the Earth
83
Life in the Hydrosphere
116
Geochemical Cycles of the Living Concentrations and Films of the Hydrosphere
124
Living Matter on Land
132
The Relationship Between the Living Films and Concentrations of the Hydrosphere and Those of Land
138
A Biographical Chronology
141
Vernadskys Publications in English
149
Bibliography
150
Acknowledgments
169

Living Matter of the First and Second Orders in the Biosphere
93
The Limits of Life
103
The Limits of Life in the Biosphere
107

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