The Timelessness of God
This book explains the classical Christian doctrine of God's timelessness and defends it against contemporary philosophical criticism. The historical background and discussion of this concept is reviewed from Parmenides to the present, and particular note is made that the doctrine cannot be detached from the various metaphysical systems in which it is embedded. The full range of recent major attempts from Karl Barth through process philosophy to the work of Stump and Kretzmann are examined and rejected as inadequate to deal with this problem. A breakthrough is found in the concept of a non-temporal causation by which God simultaneously creates and preserves the full course of finite space-time existence. Contents: The Classical Concept of Divine Eternity; The Nature of Time; Some Contemporary Attempts to Solve the Time-Eternity Problem; Eternity as Continuous Creation; The Personal Redeemer; The Problem of Foreknowledge; The Divine Eternity and Human Freedom; and Providence and Perfection.
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The Nature of Time
Some Contemporary Attempts to Solve the TimeEternity
Eternity as Continuous Creation
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A.N. Prior absolute action actual entities Anselm Aquinas argued argument Aristotle attributes Augustine B-theory Barth becoming Boethius Cambridge cause chapter classical theism compatibilist conceived concept of eternity contingent contradiction created creatio ex nihilo creation creative creature deity deny dependence discussion divine causality divine eternity doctrine duration effect Enneads everlasting existence finite foreknowledge freedom future Geach God's knowledge Hartshorne human idea immutable Incarnation Journal of Philosophy Kretzmann London matter means metaphysical middle knowledge nature necessary necessity Neoplatonism non-temporal notion objection Omniscience ontological Oxford past perfect personhood Philosophy of Religion Plotinus position possess problem process philosophy Providence question reality relation relationship Relativity relativity of simultaneity Religious Studies S.Th Schleiermacher Scholasticism seems sense simultaneity Sorabji sort specious present suppose Swinburne temporal temporalistic tensed tenseless Theology theory things Thomist thought time-eternity timeless causation Transcendence University Press Whitehead