Framing Faust: Twentieth-Century Cultural Struggles
In this interdisciplinary cultural history that encompasses film, literature, music, and drama, Inez Hedges follows the thread of the Faustian rebel in the major intellectual currents of the last hundred years. She presents Faust and his counterpart Mephistopheles as antagonistic— yet complementary— figures whose productive conflict was integral to such phenomena as the birth of narrative cinema, the rise of modernist avant-gardes before World War II, and feminist critiques of Western cultural traditions.
Framing Faust: Twentieth-Century Cultural Struggles pursues a dialectical approach to cultural history. Using the probing lens of cultural studies, Hedges shows how claims to the Faustian legacy permeated the struggle against Nazism in the 1930s while infusing not only the search for socialist utopias in Russia, France, and Germany, but also the quest for legitimacy on both sides of the Cold War divide after 1945.
Hedges balances new perspectives on such well-known works as Thomas Mann’ s Dr. Faustus and Jack Kerouac’ s Dr. Sax with discussions of previously overlooked twentieth-century expressions of the Faust myth, including American film noir and the Faust films of Stan Brakhage. She evaluates musical compositions— Hanns Eisler’ s Faust libretto, the opera Votre Faust by Henri Pousseur and Michel Butor, and Alfred Schnittke’ s Faust Cantata— as well as works of fiction and drama in French and German, many of which have heretofore never been discussed outside narrow disciplinary confines.
Enhanced by twenty-four illustrations, Framing Faust provides a fascinating and focused narrative of some of the major cultural struggles of the past century as seen through the Faustian prism, and establishes Faust as an important present-day frame of reference.
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Inventions of Faust
1 Faust and Early Film Spectatorship
2 German Fascism and the Contested Terrain of Culture
Faust and Utopia
4 Gendering Faust
5 AntiFausts and the AvantGarde
Repression and Liberation in the Cold War Era
Reframing the Faustian Question
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actor appears argues artist audience avant-garde Balduin become Bloch Blum Brakhage’s Braun Bulgakov’s Butor character cinema Cixous Cixous’s death demonic devil Doctor Faustus Eisler evil F. W. Murnau Fascism Faust films Faust material Faust myth Faust story Faustian bargain feminine figure film noir film’s filmmaker final Franziska gender Georges Méliès Goethe Goethe’s Faust Gretchen Gründgens Helena Annabel hell hero Hinze Historia Höfgen human Ida and Helena Johann Kerouac Klaus Mann Kunze Lasker-Schüler Léon Blum Leverkühn’s light literary Lukács Lunacharski Lyduschka magic Mann’s Margarita Marguerite Ida Master and Margarita Méliès’s Mephisto Mephistophelean Mephistopheles Michel Butor modern Murnau narrative narrator Nazi novel ofits opera pact play poet’s political Pousseur Prinzip Révolutions role Scapinelli scene Schott shot social socialist soul Stan Brakhage Stein Student von Prag surrealist theater theme Thomas Mann tion Verlag vision Volker Braun Wedekind Weimar woman writing York Zeitbloom