The European Administrative Elite

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Princeton University Press, Mar 8, 2015 - Social Science - 420 pages
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Although there have been other studies of elite administrators in France, Great Britain, Germany, and Russia, John Armstrong has made the first systematic comparison of their roles, especially their inclination to participate in economic development. Drawing on role theory and theories of socialization and recruitment, he analyzes the influences that family, secondary school, specialized university instruction, and in-service experiences have had on administrators. Currents of ideas, class concepts of appropriate role behavior, and organizational peculiarities are also examined as possible influences.

By exploring this subject over a long period—in some cases reaching as far back as the seventeenth century—this book shows how changing definitions of administrators' roles reflect their position in society and permit the exploration of changing socialization processes. The long time span also shows how factors such as administrative intervention can change from being marginally important to crucial in affecting economic growth.

From the diverse European experience the author distills five factors which he hypothesizes have exerted a constant positive influence on administrative intervention in economic development, and suggests how these factors might be applied in analysis of other societies. He also provides a wealth of statistical data and an extensive bibliography.

Originally published in 1973.

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Two The Comparative Method 27
THREE Diffusion of Development Doctrines 47
Four Recruitment and Class Role Models 73
Five The Family and Socialization 93
Six The Structured Adolescent Peer Group
SEVEN The Classics Barrier 127
EIGHT Higher Education as Ideology
Age Levels of Top Managers About 1950 240
Twelve Territorial Direction and Development Initiative 253
THIRTEEN Response to Challenge 275
Major Land Transport Networks 279
FourTEEN Implications of Development Interventionist Role
Factors Positively Influencing Development
APPENDIx On Quantitative Data 319

Social Origins of German Students in Higher
NINE Alternatives in Higher Education 175
Fields of Concentration of Business Executives
TEN Induction to Higher Administration
ELEVEN Career Patterns and Prospects 229
Great Britain Postindustrial
France Preindustrial
INDEx 393

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