Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications
Robert May, Angela R. McLean
OUP Oxford, Feb 15, 2007 - Computers - 257 pages
Robert May's seminal book has played a central role in the development of ecological science. Originally published in 1976, this influential text has overseen the transition of ecology from an observational and descriptive subject to one with a solid conceptual core. Indeed, it is a testament to its influence that a great deal of the novel material presented in the earlier editions has now been incorporated into standard undergraduate textbooks. It is now a quarter of a century since the publication of the second edition, and a thorough revision is timely. Theoretical Ecology provides a succinct, up-to-date overview of the field set in the context of applications, thereby bridging the traditional division of theory and practice. It describes the recent advances in our understanding of how interacting populations of plants and animals change over time and space, in response to natural or human-created disturbance. In an integrated way, initial chapters give an account of the basic principles governing the structure, function, and temporal and spatial dynamics of populations and communities of plants and animals. Later chapters outline applications of these ideas to practical issues including fisheries, infectious diseases, tomorrow's food supplies, climate change, and conservation biology. Throughout the book, emphasis is placed on questions which as yet remain unanswered. The editors have invited the top scientists in the field to collaborate with the next generation of theoretical ecologists. The result is an accessible, advanced textbook suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate level students as well as researchers in the fields of ecology, mathematical biology, environment and resources management. It will also be of interest to the general reader seeking a better understanding of a range of global environmental problems.
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five rules for cooperation
3 Singlespecies dynamics
4 Metapopulations and their spatial dynamics
5 Predatorprey interactions
6 Plant population dynamics
7 Interspecific competition and multispecies coexistence
8 Diversity and stability in ecological communities
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abundance agriculture Allee effect animals annual plant areas assessment behaviour biodiversity biomass birth rate Bonsall chaos chapter climate change coexistence colonization competition competitor complex conservation biology cooperation curve cycles death rate decline demographic density dependence disease dispersal distribution diversity and stability dt ¼ Ecology ecosystem services effects environment environmental epidemic equation equilibrium estimates evolutionary example extinction fecundity Figure fish fisheries fluctuations food-web function global Green Revolution Grenfell habitat habitat loss Hanski Hassell herbivore heterogeneity host human increase indirect reciprocity individuals infection levels limiting resource Lotka–Volterra metapopulation mortality natural niche nonlinear number of species parameters parasitism parasitoid patches patterns persistence plant population density population dynamics predator–prey interaction predator–prey pairs predators predicted prey production random range recruitment relatively result scale Science seed simple spatial species richness stochastic strategies structure studies theoretical theoretical ecology theory Tilman tion total number trade-offs trophic trophic levels