Postural Behaviour in Newborn Infants
[Published for] Spastics International Medical Publications [by] Heinemann ; Philadelphia : Lippincott, 1979 - Family & Relationships - 112 pages
Is postural configuration in normal human new borns active or passive? What are the underlying mechanisms of active posture? How much control does the new born baby have over its posture? This book deals with these questions and others relevant to the early diagnosis and treatment of motor developmental abnormalities and to the provision of optimal aids to very young and very sick new borns in their adaptation to extra-uterine life. The answers are based on detailed research using direct observation, video films, and polygraphic recordings of babies in various situations, such as being carried by a caregiver, lying on a cot, and being rocked on a purpose-designed rocking-table. The book is of specific interest to all those involved in neonatal care, neurology, physiotherapy, and related fields.
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MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY
OBSERVATIONS OF POSTURAL BEHAVIOUR
QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENT OF POSTURAL
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50th percentiles AC Averaged active posture adducted alpha motor neurons amplitude analysis anti-gravity posture arms awake newborn axis of rotation babies showed baby-seat differences electrodes electromyography exo-rotated experiments eye movements face feeding fetal fetus flexed flexion frequently gamma gamma motor neurons gross body movements gross motor activities head and body head lifts head movements head-following movements head-holder heart-rate hips increase infants intercostal muscles interquartile ranges legs minutes muscle activity muscle spindles neck muscles neonatal newborns showed non-nutritive sucking observed occurred onset of sleep periods polygram polygraphic polygraphic recording postural behaviour postural control postural load postural mechanisms posture and postural Prechtl prenatal present study prone position rapid eye movements receptors reflexes REMs respiration respiratory result rocking rocking-table semi-upright position side position side-prone sighs sign test signals six newborns startle sternocleidomastoid muscle supine horizontal supine horizontal—0 supine position supraspinal TABLE tonic activity total body movements transition upperlying vestibular write-out