The Court and Court Society in Ancient Monarchies
A. J. S. Spawforth
Cambridge University Press, Oct 4, 2007 - Social Science
Monarchy was widespread as a political system in the ancient world. This volume offers a substantial discussion of ancient monarchies from the viewpoint of the ruler's court. The monarchies treated are Achaemenid and Sassanian Persia, the empire of Alexander, Rome under both the early and later Caesars, the Han rulers of China and Egypt's Eighteenth Dynasty. A comparative approach is adopted to major aspects of ancient courts, including their organisation and physical setting, their role as a vehicle for display, and their place in monarchial structures of power and control. This approach is broadly inspired by work on courts in later periods of history, especially early-modern France. The case studies confirm that ancient monarchies created the conditions for the emergence of a court and court society. The culturally specific conditions in which these monarchies functioned meant variety in the character of the ruler's court from one society to another.
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2 King court and royal representation in the Sasanian empire
3 The court of Alexander the Great between Europe and Asia
the creation of the court of the Roman emperor
5 The imperial court of the late Roman empire c AD300c AD 450
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Achaemenid administrative Akhenaten Alexander Alexander’s Amarna Amenhotep III Ammianus ancient architectural Ardashir aristocracy audience Augustus behaviour Briant Brosius bureaucracy centre clans conﬁguration Constantine Constantinople Constantius II court ceremonial court society courtiers courtly Darius difﬁcult Diocletian divine Duindam Egypt Egyptian Eighteenth Dynasty Elias elite Emperor Wu empire empress entourage eunuchs evidence favour feast FGrH ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst fourth century Gobryas Greek Hellenistic hierarchy historians honour household Husraw identiﬁed imperial court important inﬂuence inner inscriptions king king’s Kingdom kingship late Roman court later Macedonian Middle Persian military monarchy Murnane Narseh nobility nobles ofﬁce ofﬁcers ofﬁcials ofthe outer court palace Pasargadae period Persepolis Persian court political Polyaenus position rank reﬂects reign residence ritual role Roman emperor Rome royal family ruler Sasanian satrap senatorial senators Senenmut Shabuhr signiﬁcant social sources Spawforth speciﬁc status structure Susa temple tent texts Theodosius throne tomb Tutankhamun Wieseh¨ofer Winterling
Page 22 - ... around his own palace ; the people were to dwell without the wall. And when all was built, it was Deioces first who established the rule that no one should come into the presence of the king, but all should be dealt with by the means of messengers ; that the king should be seen by no man ; and moreover that it should be in particular a disgrace for any to laugh or to spit in his presence.
Page 22 - ... the means of messengers ; that the king should be seen by no man ; and moreover that it should be in particular a disgrace for any to laugh or to spit in his presence. He was careful to hedge himself with all this state in order that the men of his own age (who had been bred up with him and were as nobly born as he and his equals in manly excellence), instead of seeing him and being thereby vexed and haply moved to plot against him, might by reason of not seeing him deem him to be changed from...