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absolute according actually actus apprehended Aristotle autem bonum cause civil authority civil law civil society command common law commutative justice conclusions concupiscence conscience constitute deliberate depends derived dictate of right divine dominion end intended eternal law ethics evil existence extrinsic faculty Hence human action human law ideo imputable intellect intellectual virtues intrinsically jus gentium jus naturale justice law of nations law of nature lege legitimate manifest mankind manner matter means medium mind moral virtue multitude natural law naturalis nature of things necessarily necessary nihil ordained particular passions perfect beatitude perfect bliss person pertains polygamy positive law possess potest practical precepts principles proximately prudence punishment quae quam quia quod rational nature rectitude regards respect right and duty right reason rule ruler sensible appetite sicut slavery soul species styled Suarez sunt superior tend tion true truth ultimate end
Page 327 - By the principle* of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question : or, whal is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose thai happiness.
Page 116 - Sicut autem ens est primum quod cadit in apprehensione simpliciter, ita bonum est primum quod cadit in apprehensione practicae rationis, quae ordinatur ad opus, omne enim agens agit propter finem, qui habet rationem boni. Et ideo primum principium in ratione practica est quod fundatur supra rationem boni, quae est, bonum est quod omnia appetunt.
Page 234 - In this country we have adopted the same principle, and applied it to our republican governments; and it is a settled and fundamental doctrine with us that all valid individual title to land within, the United States is derived either from the grant of our own local governments, or from that of the United States, or from the crown, or royal chartered governments established here prior to the Revolution.
Page 84 - Necessity is simply this: that, given the motives which are present to an individual's mind, and given likewise the character and disposition of the individual, the manner in which he will act may be unerringly inferred: that if we knew the person thoroughly, and knew all the inducements which are acting upon him, we could foretell his conduct with as much certainty as we can predict any physical event.
Page 326 - International Law, as understood among civilized nations, may be defined as consisting of those rules of conduct which reason deduces, as consonant to justice, from the nature of the society existing among independent nations ; with such definitions and modifications as may be established by general consent.
Page 327 - ... that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question : or, what is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose that happiness. I say of every action whatsoever; and therefore not only of every action of a private individual, but of every measure of government.
Page 129 - Ex hoc enim quod aliquis vult finem, ratio imperat de his quae sunt ad finem, sed voluntas de his quae imperantur, ad hoc quod legis rationem habeat, oportet quod sit aliqua ratione regulata; et hoc modo intelligitur quod voluntas principis habet vigorem legis ; alioquin voluntas principis magis esset iniquitas quam lex.
Page 133 - Respondeo dicendum quod lex proprie primo et principaliter respicit ordinem ad bonum commune. Ordinare autem aliquid in bonum commune est vel totius multitudinis, vel altcujus gerentis vicem totius multitudinis.
Page 146 - Sed naturalia quidem iura, quae apud omnes gentes peraeque servantur, divina quadam providentia constituta , semper firma atque immutabilia permanent: ea vero, quae ipsa sibi quaeque civitas constituit, saepe mutari solent vel tacito consensu populi vel alia postea lege lata.