The Islamic World in Decline: From the Treaty of Karlowitz to the Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - History - 249 pages
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The long era of Muslim political ascendancy that began in a small region of western Arabia reached its pinnacle some nine hundred years later with the siege of Vienna by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1529. Suleiman then concluded that, given the increasingly volatile geopolitical environment, Muslim expansionism in Eurasia had run its course. The subsequent decline of Ottoman power also meant, in effect, the decline of political Islam, which had been intimately bound to it for centuries.

As Sicker shows, the problems faced by the Ottoman Empire were also faced by the Persian Empire and both underwent an extended period of political decline and territorial retrenchment in the face of imperialist pressures from Europe and Asia. The greatest challenge to the world of political Islam came from Western Europe, especially France and Great Britain. The Ottoman and Persian empires assumed a global importance in the 19th century, not because of anything in them of intrinsic economic value, but because of their geopolitical and geostrategic significance. They became, in effect, a buffer zone separating Europe from the wealth of the East, at a time when European imperialism was on the march in Asia. It thus came about that the rivalries of the Great Powers, most especially those of Great Britain, France, and Russia, were played out in the Middle East. This book will serve as a vital resource for students, scholars, and other researchers involved with Middle East History, Political Islam, and Modern European History.


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The OttomanSafavid Conflict
Turbulence on Persias Frontiers
Balance of Power in Southeastern Europe
Beginnings of the RussoOttoman Conflict
Decline and Fall or the Safavid State
The Era or Nadir Shah
Russian Imperialism under Catherine the Great
Developments in the Ottoman and Persian Spheres
The Crimean War
Britain and Russia in Persia and Central Asia
The RussoTurkish War of 1877
Confrontations in the Persian Gulf and Egypt
Resurgence of AngloRussian Rivalry
The Close of the Ottoman Era
The Last Ottoman War
The Dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire

Napoleon Enters the Middle East
The Era or Muhammad Ali
AngloRussian Rivalry in the Persian Sphere
The War of 1828 and Its Aftermath

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About the author (2001)

MARTIN SICKER is a private consultant who has served as a senior executive in the US government and has taught political science at the American University and George Washington University. Dr. Sicker has written extensively in the field of political science and international affairs. He is the author of 13 previous books, including the companion volumes, The Pre-Islamic Middle East (Praeger, 2000) and The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab Conquests to the Siege of Vienna (Praeger, 2000).

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