Ecological and General Systems: An Introduction to Systems Ecology

Front Cover
University Press of Colorado, 1994 - Science - 644 pages
Using an energy systems language that combines energetics, kinetics, information, cybernetics, and simulation, Ecological and General Systems compares models of many fields of science, helping to derive general systems principles.

First published as Systems Ecology in 1983, Ecological and General Systems proposes principles of self-organization and the designs that prevail by maximizing power and efficiency. Comparisons to fifty other systems languages are provided. Innovative presentations are given on earth homeostasis (Gaia); the inadequacy of presenting equations without network relationships and energy constraints; the alternative interpretation of high entropy complexity as adaptive structure; basic equations of ecological economics; and the energy basis of scientific hierarchy.

Part I introduces energetics, hierarchy, and systems modeling. Part II features design elements: intersections, autocatalytic modules, loops, series, parallel elements, and webs. Part III includes embodied energy, spectra of energy quality, temperature, complexity, spatial distribution, and diversity. Part IV discusses production, consumption, ecosystems, succession, economic systems, anthropological models, urban and regional models, global biogeochemistry, and the universe.

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Contents

ENERGY SYSTEMS
4
i
138
Loops
181
Series
187
Parallel Elements
217
Webs
243
Energy Quality and Embodied Energy
251
Spectrum of Energy Distribution
273
Succession
445
Economic Systems and the Nation
476
Ecosystems with Humans
509
Cities and Regions
539
World Patterns
561
The Unity of Systems
577
References
584
Author Index
615

251
294
Producers
379
Consumers
402
Ecosystems
419
Subject Index
625
355
636
572
643
Copyright

About the author (1994)

Howard T. Odum was internationally renowned for his development of the science of systems ecology and as a pioneering voice in environmental science, ecology, and ecological engineering and economics.

Bibliographic information