## The Three First Sections and Part of the Seventh Section of Newton's Principia: With a Preface Recommending a Geometrical Course of Mathematical Reading, and an Introduction on the Atomic Constitution of Matter, and the Laws of Motion |

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The Three First Sections, Part of the Seventh Section Newton's Principia ... George Leigh Cooke No preview available - 2017 |

The Three First Sections and Part of the Seventh Section of Newton's ... Sir Isaac Newton,George Leigh Cooke No preview available - 2016 |

### Common terms and phrases

abscissa action angle of contact arc A cb arc PQ area ABD area described atoms axis body move body revolving centre of force centripetal force chord of curvature circle coincides Conic Section constant force curve curvilinear area curvilinear figure diameter of curvature different points distance drawn duplicate ratio earth ellipse fall focus give given gravity heat Hence hyperbola impulse increased infinitely small Infinitesimal interval inversely latus rectum Lemma limit QR momenta momentum motion Newton orbits round ordinate parabola parallelograms particles perpendicular planet polygon principles Prop proportional QT² quantity of matter rectangle rectilinear direction sagit sagittĉ SCHOLIUM similar triangles solid space passed supposed tangent tendency ultimately equal vanishes

### Popular passages

Page 5 - Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen ; and ye receive not our witness. If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?

Page 39 - Quantities, and the ratios of quantities, which in any finite time converge continually to equality, and before the end of that time approach nearer to each other than by any given difference, become ultimately equal.

Page 94 - From the same demonstration it likewise follows that the arc which a body, uniformly revolving in a circle by means of a given centripetal force, describes in any time is a mean proportional between the diameter of the circle and the space which the same body falling by the same given force would descend through in the same given time.

Page 39 - LEMMA I QUANTITIES, AND THE RATIOS OF QUANTITIES, WHICH IN ANY FINITE TIME CONVERGE CONTINUALLY TO EQUALITY, AND BEFORE THE END OF THAT TIME APPROACH NEARER THE ONE TO THE OTHER THAN BY ANY GIVEN DIFFERENCE, BECOME ULTIMATELY EQUAL.

Page 98 - Moreover, by means of the preceding Proposition and its Corollaries, we may discover the proportion of a centripetal force to any other known force, such as that of gravity. For if a body by means of its gravity revolves in a circle concentric to the earth, this gravity is the centripetal force of that body. But from the descent of heavy bodies, the time of one entire revolution, as well as the arc described in any given time, is given (by Cor. 9 of this Prop.).

Page 43 - But this rectangle, because its breadth AB is supposed diminished in infinitum, becomes less than any given space. And therefore (by Lem.

Page 106 - SP; the centripetal force will be reciprocally as the solid xQ,it {{ t]^e solid be taken of that magnitude which it ultimately acquires when the points P and Q coincide. For QR is equal to the versed sine of double the arc QP, whose middle is P : and double the triangle SQP, or SP X QT is proportional to the time in which that double arc is described; and therefore may be used for the exponent of the time.

Page 143 - Prop. XIV) is in a ratio compounded of the subduplicate ratio of the latus rectum, and the ratio of the periodic time. Subduct from both sides the subduplicate ratio of the latus rectum, and there will remain the sesquiplicate ratio of the greater axis, equal to the ratio of the periodic time. QED...

Page 114 - L place. Through the point S draw the chord PV, and the diameter VA of the circle: join AP, and draw QT perpendicular to SP, which produced, may meet the tangent PR in Z; and lastly, through the point Q, draw LR parallel to SP, meeting the circle in L, and the tangent PZ in R. And, because of the similar triangles ZQR, ZTP, VPA, we shall have RP2, that is, QRL to QT2 as AY2 to PV2.

Page 46 - WHEN THEIR BREADTHS ARE DIMINISHED IN INFINITUM, THE ULTIMATE RATIOS OF THE PARALLELOGRAMS IN ONE FIGURE TO THOSE IN THE OTHER, EACH TO EACH RESPECTIVELY, ARE THE SAME; I SAY, THAT THOSE TWO FIGURES AacE, PprT, ARE TO ONE ANOTHER IN THAT SAME RATIO.